The fronts in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) comprise the Southern ACC Front (SACCF), the Polar Front (PF) and Sub-Antarctic Front (SAF), which, together with the Southern Boundary (SB), separate zones with distinct water mass properties in the Southern Ocean. They are important for describing habitat ranges of oceanic species over the range of trophic levels and are also key habitat zones in their own right for a variety of species. Frontal positions were studied along a transect running S to N across the Scotia Sea during three hydrographic cruises in spring 2006, summer 2008 and autumn 2009. Subsurface data from these cruises and Argo data are here combined with Aviso satellite absolute dynamic topography data to locate these fronts, facilitating study of their ecological significance within the Scotia Sea. Northern and southern dynamic height limits are found for each front, as opposed to the more usual one dimensional line. Thus the SB was found between −132 to −116 dyn cm, the SACCF between −115 to −99 dyn cm and the PF between −71 to −45 dyn cm. Argo data allow the sensitivity of the dynamic heights found to be tested against seasonal, interannual and longitudinal effects and each is found to be small. Although the SAF lay beyond the northern extent of the transect we sampled along, Argo profiles allowed us to determine its limits as lying between −5 and +29 dyn cm. The dynamic height limits found are thus suitable for assessing the location, in relation to fronts, of any sample or tracked animal within this area. The chlorophyll distribution across the Scotia Sea is assessed relative to frontal positions and known iron sources. The physical conditions (sea surface temperature, sea ice and mixed layer depth) along the sampling transect are also presented, allowing the oceanographic conditions of the stations occupied across the Scotia Sea to be assessed.
The Southern Ocean exerts a major influence on the mass balance of the Antarctic Ice Sheet, either indirectly, by its influence on air temperatures and winds, or directly, mostly through its effects on ice shelves. How much melting the ocean causes depends on the temperature of the water, which in turn is controlled by the combination of the thermal structure of the surrounding ocean and local ocean circulation, which in turn is determined largely by winds and bathymetry. As climate warms and atmospheric circulation changes, there will be follow-on changes in the ocean circulation and temperature. These consequences will affect the pace of mass loss of the Antarctic Ice Sheet.
Job SummaryWe are encouraging applications for a postdoctoral fellow to workon a BRAIN/NIMH/NIBIB funded project developing and validatingneural circuit models of experience-driven computations in workingmemory. Our group is in the Department of Applied Mathematics atthe University of Colorado Boulder, and we have affiliations withthe Institute of Cognitive Science and School of Medicine.The aim of this project is to understand how task-relevantexperience is encoded in neuronal circuits throughplasticity-driven changes to network architecture (building offideas in Kilpatrick (2018) Sci Rep(https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-25958-9)). Ourmechanistic neural circuit models will be validated using data fromhumans (psychophysical response) and non-human primates (response +large-scale neural recordings) from the Gold (Penn), Buschman(Princeton), and Bays (Cambridge) labs.The University of Colorado Boulder is committed to building aculturally diverse community of faculty, staff, and studentsdedicated to contributing to an inclusive campus environment. Weare an Equal Opportunity employer, including veterans andindividuals with disabilities.Who We AreThe departmental roots go back to the turn of the last century whenit originally was the Department of Engineering Mathematics. TheDepartment teaches thousands of students and has a major researchpresence in computational and physical/biological mathematics andthe statistical sciences. It has 23 tenured or tenure trackfaculty. In addition, there are 10 full-time instructors, more than110 graduate students including approximately 40 teachingassistants, about 211 applied math majors, 74 statistics majors,119 minors, and a thriving BS-MS program.The Department strives to be a leading program of appliedmathematics. In 2018, the US News & World Report ranked theunit’s graduate program 14th in the nation. The unit also rankedpositively in many measures by the National Research Council in its2010 decadal survey.Our faculty have won numerous awards including four being namedfellows of the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, twobeing named fellows of the American Mathematical Society, two beingnamed fellows of the American Physical Society, two GuggenheimFellows, American Statistical Association Fellow, Sloan Fellow, andCU-Boulder: Hazel Barnes Prize, Professor of Distinction, winnersof numerous CU-Boulder faculty awards, and two distinguishedresearch lecturers.What You Should KnowThe start date would likely be in Spring or Summer 2021.The position is fully funded till September 2023, with apossible extension contingent on funding. What We Can OfferThe salary range for this position is $52,000 – $58,000 dependingon prior experience.BenefitsThe University of Colorado offers excellent benefits , including medical, dental,retirement, paid time off, tuition benefit and ECO Pass. TheUniversity of Colorado Boulder is one of the largest employers inBoulder County and offers an inspiring higher educationenvironment. Learn more about the University of Colorado Boulder .Be StatementsBe Adaptable. Be Imaginative. Be Boulder.What We RequirePhDWhat You Will NeedA strong background developing, simulating, and mathematicallyanalyzing dynamical/mechanistic neural network models.We will build and analyze neural field models of large-scaleactivity using a combination of methods from stochastic processes,asymptotics, Bayesian inference, and numerical PDEs. Models will befit using Bayesian parameter estimation and model comparison.Within our group, you could also work on a side project or twoin decision-making, stochastic dynamics, social networks, and/orsocial foraging. What We Would Like You To HaveExperience working with psychophysics and/or neural recording datais a plus but not required.Special InstructionsTo apply, please submit the following materials:Resume/CVCover Letter1 Letter of Recommendation (Not Confidential) Review of applications will begin immediately and will continueuntil the position is filled.Note: Application materials will not be accepted via email. Forconsideration, applications must be submitted through CU Boulder JobsPosting Contact InformationPosting Contact Name: Zachary KilpatrickPosting Contact Email: [email protected]
The rain. It never stops, does it? So there goes another week of wasted Oxford sporting talent, and they say more downpours are on their way. A total of fourteen football matches were rained off last week, with games cancelled at the beginning of this week as well. a sign that perhaps the last weeks of term will be filled to the bursting point with footie , if the rain doesn’t get there first. A week when we missed what could have been an epic Keble vs St Hugh’s 2nd XI match and instead had to put up with watching snooker on the TV. One can easily speculate as to what could have taken place as these gladiators of sport battled in their favourite arena, but that would be utterly pointless when I could also quite easily spend the time watching the likes of Mark Selby, the ‘jester from Leicester’ or Dave Harold, the ‘bloke from Stoke’. Which brings me on nicely to nicknames. What is their point? Why do Colleges darts teams spend more time thinking of what rhymes with Bernard, rather than their favourite 123 ‘out shot’. Let’s hope the weather improves so that we will not have to do a two-page spread on the sport of sports that is ‘underwater hockey’, or college mascots, however with the weather as it is, maybe it is time that we took these less ‘comercial’ sports a lot more seriously. In fact now is the perfect time, Pool Cuppers only essays away and the darts league reaching an exciting climax, Oriel leading St Anne’s in Division 1 by a mere two points.So come on readers, get involved. Cement yourself in College bar history with the first 9 dart finish, or by your encyclopaedic knowledge of college darts league tables. As my horoscope tells me, it is time to try something new, so why not ‘tiddlywinks’? One thing for certain is that I will not be doing a ‘rain dance’, and perhaps the popularity of ‘dance-sport’ may be the reason for the floods in the first place. Thinking back, this whole article seems to be more based on games and societies rather than the classical sports that our forefathers played back in the thirteenth, or make that twentieth, century.by Matthew Gold
Failing To Deliver Car Titles Brings Lawsuits From Attorney GeneralMarilyn Odendahl for www.theindianalawyer.comFour out-of-business auto dealerships and their owners are the target of lawsuits filed by the Indiana attorney general for violating the state’s Deceptive Consumer Sales Act.Attorney General Greg Zoeller filed the complaints March 10 in state courts against former used-car lots in Fort Wayne, Fortville and Indianapolis for deceptive acts and failing to deliver titles to nearly 50 customers. Without the titles, owners cannot get their cars registered in the state and cannot legally drive their vehicles.“The 48 Hoosiers impacted in these cases spent thousands of dollars on cars which they can’t prove they own,” Zoeller said. “This can be a common problem, especially when used auto dealers go out of business.”In addition to seeking restitution for the customers, including delivery of the titles, the lawsuits are asking for civil penalties and reimbursement for investigative costs.The four defendants are:• Prestige Auto in Fortville (lawsuit filed in Hancock County). The dealership is accused of failing to deliver titles to at least 10 customers and failing to provide a purchased warranty to one customer. Also Prestige allegedly did not follow through on paying off the remaining loans on three trade-in vehicles, leaving customers on the hook for loans of $23,800 and $3,500.• AnyCredit Auto Superstore Inc. in Fort Wayne (lawsuit filed in Allen County). The business is accused of not delivering titles to at least 10 customers, misrepresenting the price of a vehicle and failing to perform repairs.• Southport Motors in Indianapolis (lawsuit filed in Marion County). The car lot is accused of failing to deliver 21 titles to customers. Also, Southport allegedly did not pay-off the remaining loan balance of $16,500 on one customer’s trade-in vehicle.• US Fleet Liquidators LLC in Indianapolis (lawsuit filed in Marion County). The dealership is accused of not providing titles to seven customers.Under state law, car dealers are required to deliver the title to the buyer either at the time of the sale or delivery or within 21 days of the date of the sale.According to Zoeller, his office receives more auto sales complaints each year than any other retail category. A total of 1,340 complaints were filed in 2015 and, in recent years, the attorney general has filed lawsuits against 20 dealerships for not delivering titles.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
57, a lifelong resident of Bayonne, passed away at her residence with her family by her side on April 19, 2017. Mary was the wife of the late Gregory Gerba Sr. and the mother to Gregory Jr. and Elizabeth Gerba. Mary was predeceased by her in-laws Joseph Gerba, Barbara Piazza, David (“Sully”) Sullivan and Tom Fitzmaurice and surviving her are her siblings Andrew Piazza, Barbara Fitzmaurice, Joanne Collins and husband Patrick, Rosie Sullivan, Paula Piazza and husband Ken Meade and her “daughter in spirit” Ariel Toro. In lieu of flowers, the family requests that donations be made to Mary’s children to help them with final expenses. Envelopes will be provided at the funeral home or a link to Mary’s Go Fund Me Page at the funeral home’s website. Funeral arrangements by MIGLIACCIO Funeral Home, 851 Kennedy Blvd.
George Saunders,George Saunders, known to some in the industry as Luca Tsoundas, died suddenly on 6 January, writes Ian Melling of IMA Food Equipment.He leaves a widow, Jane, and two daughters.George was a long-time colleague of mine from the days when he worked as a bakery engineer for Record, where he was employed for over 20 years.After the demise of Record and CBS, he set up on his own as a freelance engineer, covering mainly the south-east of England and was closely involved with IMA Food Equipment, where he will be sorely missed.George Saunders was known for his cheerful demeanour and willingness to help anyone in trouble.All those who knew him will miss him greatly.
Adam Deitch is a man who needs no introduction. One of the most respected and admired players in the game today, the Lettuce/Break Science maven keeps a schedule as busy as anyone, not only during NOLA Jazz Fest but 24/7/365. After a recent jaunt to Japan with his Lettuce fam, Deitch returned to a run of Break Science dates surrounding 4/20 festivities in both Denver and Atlanta. From there he will bring both projects and a gang of one-off’s and sit-ins to the Crescent City for a series of gigs, including a Break Science Live Band show at the Howlin’ Wolf first weekend, two Lettuce shows, a jazz quartet show, a DRKWAV engagement, a drum-off competition, MegaWatt-An Afro-Dub Soundclash, Michael vs Stevie, and much more. We also checked in with the man about his electro-soul contemporaries, mega-producers who have taken his second home by storm, and why the new generation of NOLA drummers keep him on his toes.Deitch was kind enough to press pause on his super-schedule and make ten minutes for our very own B.Getz to grill him about all things funky and that new NOLA boom-bap bounce!Photo- Milo LeeL4LM: Yo Adam. Thanks for giving me a few minutes. Let’s get right into it man. Y’all are coming out of the gates firing this year. Big hit first Saturday at the Howlin Wolf with the Break Science Live Band. Yuge. Better yet, the hottest new band in NOLA (in my opinion), Russ Liquid Test, setting it off proper. The streets are really buzzin’ about this gig. For folks that don’t know, what’s the mission in bringing the live band element to the Break Science project?Adam Deitch: Especially in New Orleans, it’s important to have live music, live instruments. All the Lettuce guys are super down with Break Science, and they want to play that music. I feel like we are, you know, a special kind of Voltron when that happens. New Orleans is a city that is all about music so it’s very important, for us to use our instruments, and to have live music with the Break Science tracks we do.L4LM: I’ve been paying close attention to what’s been happening with the Break Science Live Band. From last year’s Nile hit, you guys have seemed to really put a lot of energy into developing this setup, and working out of these songs, what are some BrkSci tunes that have taken a new life in the live band setting?Adam Deitch: Yeah, I mean, even start with one of our chiller songs, “The Spins” which is a sample I got from the drummer from Jaw Gems (DJ Moore). He gave me this vocal and this really weird organ that I originally thought was an old record from the 60’s, an old psych rock record or something, and it turned out to be him messing around with their singer in the studio, so now we have a track based on that sample. And then when you hear that song, now with the live band, you know, it really vibes.L4LM: Word. It’s cool, kinda full circle thing. Live take, sample, make song with said sample, play it with live band. I’ll listen for that jam. I’ve noticed a substantial response I’ve found in the song “Android Love,” with the live band, a very vibey jam, definitely a Break Science song to the core. How did that one come together with such dope instrumentation?Deitch: That one came from when I was watching a Daft Punk documentary on Netflix, and I saw how big a part Niles Rogers played in some of Daft Punk’s music. They really loved Chic, they really loved the old-school, disco-funk, late 70’s Chic style, you know? They were talking a lot about how in some ways he was their hero, and I was like wow! Because obviously I love Chic too, and I love “Good Times” and a lot of other stuff from Nile, so I decided to do a song based off Chic too, kinda, but with the power and feel of some modern drums, and some bass underneath. But I will say it was definitely inspired by the Daft Punk documentary.L4LM: Okay, one more question about Break Science and that live band show, and then we will get back into more about Jazz Fest. Are you and Borahm (Lee) going to be playing a lot of the new record at the Wolf? And real talk, can we expect that long awaited album to come out any time soon? The streets need that album, my man!Adam Deitch: Yeah, so there’s a lot technical aspects that have to be taken care of as far as the specifics of the record, you know, before it gets released. You know, a lot of concepts are still being discussed, also we are deciding which songs will actually make the cut, and which ones don’t, and what to do with those. We are at that point right now, making decisions, getting it ready. The record is pretty much fully done, and, yeah, we are going to be playing a lot of the tracks off the new one at that show, so we can gauge which ones the crowd is really feeling, how they react to the new joints. I’m really excited to see which ones pop!L4LM: Yeah, me too man. I’ve been really excited to hear the new joints and you know, the reworks of old joints. I love when y’all take some old shit and give it new life!Deitch: We have this new song called “Cruise Control” and everyone’s freaking out about it right now, which is always good sign.L4LM: Oh yeah, I think you played that on Jam Cruise, or maybe a super early version of it. I wasn’t on the boat this year, but I devoured both Break Science soundboards from this year. There’s a tune labeled “Cruise Control” but it feels more like a vamp, or a very early version.Deitch: Yeah, that was a super early version. It’s come much farther, pretty much all wrapped up now! People are freaking out about it.L4LM: Somewhat switching gears here: in NOLA, two of your peers in the electro-soul movement have really upped the ante and changed the game, with both Derek (Vincent Smith, aka Pretty Lights) and Russ (Liquid) moving there and basically setting up shop. You have a storied history of making music with both of them at different times and junctures over the years. I‘d like to hear your take on their ripple effect, of these purveyors of electronic art and culture, the electro-soul movement sort of transmutating from its Colorado origins to becoming a real New Orleans thing now. Adam Deitch: Yeah, I mean these guys really evolved their electronic production. They are at the top, they are producers, guys that making a living from doing electronic production and do it using live music. Those guys love the live music the most. Russ Liquid, he is a bonafide crushing trumpet player. He’s sat in with Lettuce, and they just toured with us. And we all know what Derek does, continues to do, so it makes sense that those two, those guys, out of all the producers that I know, are living in New Orleans. It’s a really cool thing, what Derek is doing, it’s cool and it’s Derek. Russ is a big part of the scene there already. It makes sense that they are there.L4LM: I go back to that Pretty Lights Analog Future Band hit y’all did with Preservation Hall, Kraz, Talib, you remember that huge show at Champions Square on your birthday in 2014. Now Derek is back with a band that includes NOLA cats like drummer Alvin Ford and Brandon Butler. It’s come along way from the A Color Map of the Sun sessions, yeah?Adam Deitch: Yeah, I actually recorded most of my parts on that record in Brooklyn, but I definitely was telling Derek about how great the city of New Orleans was and, you know, he already knew. He’s a record searcher, a crate digger, he’s always just searching, searching for the rare 45’s and stuff, and a lot of the underground funk labels that have 45s out there, those labels are in NO, and that is like Derek’s goal in life. Searching for records. That’s just what he does. So yeah, I just love a little bit of that modern electro influx, it is not a bad thing, so why not? It’s 2017. L4LM: Oh yeah! I can’t tell you about how stoked I am about the Gorge. Freaking Tipper. Lettuce. And the new Pretty Lights band. Ridic.Deitch: Oh god . . . gonna be . . . yeah.L4LM: When I saw the announcement I almost keeled over. Anyways, back to Deitch in NOLA 2017. First up is your jazz quartet show. What to expect from the Adam Deitch Quartet first Friday?Adam Deitch: That group features Wil Blades on organs, and Benny Bloom and Ryan Zoidis, (The Shady Horns), and you know that outside the box jazz element, because Benny can play everything of course, jazz to funk everywhere and in between. Zoidis, people haven’t been able to hear him really expand upon his harmonic concept, because he is often in the Maceo realm with Lettuce. I mean, he gets busy, but this quartet is a chance for him to stretch out and for me to stretch out. We have a new album coming out. I think I’m dropping it on the day of the show, pretty much. A double. Pretty sure it’s coming out on my birthday . . . I’m trying to.L4LM: Last year for your 40th birthday was the inaugural AD4 hit, so it’s cool to hear that the album is going to come out this year. Obviously you got two big Lettuce hits at Jazz Fest. The first weekend Tipitina’s hit and the annual Rage Fest at the Joy Theater. I feel like Lettuce is a different level beast in Crescent City, that place brings something different, something absolutely fierce out of you. So what you got cookin’?Deitch: You know, hopefully we get some Cyril Neville in there, you know. Plus, when I am down there seeing all those drummers that are so amazing, you know, Terence Higgins, Alvin Ford from Pretty Lights, Devan Trusclair who plays with Russ Liquid, seeing those guys, you know, it makes me play better and really inspires the entire crew. The air down there is thicker so the drum sticks don’t move as fast as they usually do so that creates a very pleasant chunky vibe . . . We’ll get real deep into it and do a nice 10-minute “Ziggowatt.”L4LM: In all these years, I’ve only seen one proper Lettuce show at Tipitina’s Uptown. Caught a truly epic one at the old French Quarter location, actually, about nine years ago in the Rage era. Last question about you homie, the DrkWav hit, is there new material or just getting together like old times? Because we love when those waves wash over us so dark. Skerik, Medeski, Deitch, that’s a special blend of neck-snappin’ spooky jazz grooves.Adam Deitch: Oooh yeah, all new material in DRKWAV, all the time! (Laughs) We have never repeated a lick in DRKWAV, if anyone cares or knows about DRKWAV. We’ve never played any of the album, we might have hinted at it once in the ten, maybe fifteen shows ,we’ve done, but those guys are the most fearless improvisers I’ve ever met and they don’t want to play anything preconceived or pre-written, so prepare for the complete unknown. I’ll be trying to keep it, you know, weird with them, but we gotta have that hip-hop element as well: Kool Keith, Dr. Octagon. I love the sound of scary, psychedelic soundtracks over the hip-hop beats, so that’s pretty much what I am trying to bring to DRKWAV.L4LM: Yeah, I love when you keep those hard hip-hop beats drums behind that spooky shit. I can hear that Dan the Automator, Kool Keith Octagon vibe for sure. Head noddin’ at the haunted house. Love DRKWAV. So the last question, one that I’m asking all my Jazz Fest interviews; Deitch, you’re a student of the game, so Jazz Fest is like the Mecca, the Superbowl of this shit. If there’s one artist you must catch, who dat?Deitch: Well, I haven’t researched much down there for this year. A lot of it, you know, I go by you B. (laughs). We have very, very similar tastes so your can’t-miss shows are 99% my can’t-miss shows.L4LM: Ha! Wow, what an honor. Respect. I don’t know what to say to that… Well, 99% of my can’t miss shows are your hits, that’s how it works, my brother. That’s the stannery in action right there! I’m following you around down there; I’m seeing six or seven of your shows. So I will vote for Michael vs Stevie at the Howlin Wolf on second Sunday night. Seen that program with y’all a couple times now, and it’s always an emotional ride with my favorite players. So instead, how about you let the people who is your favorite NOLA drummer cat, somebody we can’t miss down there this year?Adam Deitch: One cat I really love is Deven Trusclair, like I said before. He plays with Russ Liquid Test right now. He’s just so dope, and he has a really fresh hip-hop style, like the new NOLA style, because he can do the Second Line, the Zigaboo too, but also brings that new hip-hop, that radio and streets NOLA vibe, he’s got all that too. He’s only 21 or 22 so he’s got that brand new sound, you know. That NOLA hip-hop. I also really like Alfred Jordan. He’s another young one, and I like to call him Young Jordan! He is just a limitless drummer. Incredible. I’m definitely going to have to get my fill of these young NOLA drummers that have that new sound, you know with the NOLA bounce and that bump, and all that, I’m talking about the super fast high hats with the half time snare. I’m into all that right now, but I’ll be looking the streets looking for everybody.L4LM: You had me at half-time snare. I’m a half-time slut these days. That’s my vibe. Big thanks Adam for giving me a few of your precious minutes. I’ll see you for that Break Science Live Band show, and pretty much every night for the rest of the week (laughs).Adam Deitch: Thanks B, and thanks to Kunj and Live for Live Music.
Ahhhh you can remember it now. Your first day as a new leader, spent quietly gazing into your crystal ball, painting for you a roadmap to change. Oh, if it were only that easy, but alas, life is never quite so simple. If you’ve ever wondered how you were going to implement sustainable change in your teams…congratulations…you’re a life member of the fellowship of uncertainty.Though organizational change is uncertain, here are four ideas to help bring your crystal ball into focus!COMMUNICATE, COMMUNICATE, COMMUNICATEOpen and honest dialogue can be a catalyst for building relationships of trust between not only you and your team, but among team members as well. This is especially true when dealing with a certain level of uncertainty for future endeavors as leaders attempt to guide employees through organizational change. A lack of communication can lead to a culturally broken organization in which trust can nearly cease to exist, resulting in rampant negativity as employees dedicate more time to spreading gossip and rumor, than becoming active and productive in helping the organization achieve success. Trust has to be the priority if your organization ever dreams of successfully implementing change, and trust can only be achieved through effective communication that promotes mutual understanding. Create an open door policy and an environment of inclusion in which your team feels comfortable expressing their ideas, including dissenting viewpoints. Trust promotes equity, empowerment, teamwork, and creativity; traits that are absolutely necessary to cultivate change leadership. PERSONAL AND INDIVIDUAL VISITS Any great leader will personally visit with each employee in an effort to more fully understand individual perceptions and needs. Each individual is unique, as we are all products of different environments and experiences, resulting in varying perceptions that effect how we each encode and decode information. This deeper understanding of the individual is absolutely crucial to begin the process of breaking down barriers to communication and rebuilding a positive culture. A lack of individual understanding can lead to resentment and animosity, resulting in a lack of feedback, poor relationships, defensiveness, and poor listening skills. Take time now to actively listen and respond to your team. SHARE AND INSPIRE VISION No organization will ever thrive if leaders do not enhance employee relationships by sharing a common vision and mission. Therefore one of the most difficult, yet rewarding challenges of leadership is creating and nurturing an organizational culture focused on a common goal. The fruit of this experience is that your organization will become a culture of one; a people of purpose and a culture of excellence. In order to win, organizations must have a positive culture that inspires employees and helps them understand how their goals tie to the overall strategy of the organization. We all need to feel that we belong and that we contribute to a greater cause. We need our work to be meaningful and nothing feels better than to know that success came as a result of our efforts. We as leaders should clearly articulate how employees contribute to our success. Organizations are becoming increasingly aware that positive cultures are critical for overall success and that the mission of the business must be linked to the objectives of its people. Those who find meaning and purpose at work are happier, healthier, and more productive. INSTILL CONFIDENCEI believe that we miss out on some of life’s fullest opportunities because we do not believe in ourselves or what we can become. As leaders, our words can have a powerful impact, exhibiting the ability to either create or destroy. The foundation for success lies in our ability to build and inspire confidence in others. As you focus on employee development, through transparent communication, a culture of innovation, encouragement, education, positivity, and family will develop. We as leaders will be the most effective as we come to realize that our greatest success is measured in how well we have built relationships, and inspired our people to be the best they can be. 124SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Joshua W. Poole Joshua W. Poole began his credit union career as a part-time teller, shortly after graduating from high school in 1999. He has a passion for leadership and change management, and … Web: https://www.brecofcu.com Details
The patient walked into the Washoe County community testing station in the US state of Nevada on April 18 with a sore throat, dry cough and a headache, but no reason to worry.He was only 25, had no prior medical conditions, and although the PCR nasal-swab test for COVID-19 he took came back positive, he was soon feeling well again.Thirty five days later, he was rushed to the emergency room, short of breath and with a raging fever, and placed on oxygen support. Other viruses While it is hard to say for certain how widespread or frequent COVID-19 reinfections will end up being, scientists can look to similar viruses for clues.Lia van der Hoek, an expert on coronaviruses at Amsterdam UMC, has studied the pathogens for decades.She was the lead author on a paper published last month in Nature Medicine investigating the four other coronaviruses that humans can catch. The study charted 10 healthy individuals over the course of more than 30 years, and found that patients were infected multiple times with the virus. One patient was infected on 17 separate occasions over the study period. “COVID-19 will probably behave the same,” she told AFP. Shaman also studied the circulation of other coronaviruses, following 12 healthy individuals and proving they could be reinfected a second time. He said that evidence from other respiratory viruses suggested widespread reinfections of COVID-19 was by no means impossible. COVID-19 ‘never going away’ While many governments are basing their hopes of a full economic recovery on a vaccine, Van der Hoek said there may never be a single, entirely effective COVID-19 failsafe.”The problem with coronavirus antibodies is that they wane so quickly and you can get reinfected with the same strain,” she said. “So it could be that you need repeated [COVID-19] vaccinations all the time.”This one will never go away. There is no way we can get rid of it. It will stay with us for the rest of humanity.” Too soon to tell? Frederic Altare, director of Immunology at the Inserm Research Centre of Oncology and Immunology Nantes-Angers, said there was currently little evidence that COVID-19 reinfection was going to be a “major issue” given the low case figures.”With the number of people who have been infected there are only a dozen or so proven reinfections — that’s not much,” he told AFP.But others said it was difficult to accurately gauge reinfection numbers given the relative lack of testing during the first wave this spring. In other words, many people could have in theory been infected in March or April and remained asymptomatic, only to test positive later in the year when they were reinfected, but this time with symptoms. According to Jeffrey Shaman, professor of Environmental Health Sciences at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, the main obstacle to ascertaining reinfection numbers is that SARS-CoV-2 — unlike other coronaviruses that circulate among humans — is brand new, epidemiologically speaking. “The world has only been dealing with this for a number of months,” he told AFP. “We don’t know if [reinfection] is going to be common or as likely to be equally severe as the initial infection.”It’s really important to understand what this virus is ultimately going to do and how challenging it’s going to be to make a universal vaccine,” Shaman said. He had become the first confirmed US case of COVID-19 reinfection. Up to now, there have been only a handful of similar cases worldwide, and experts say it is too early to draw sweeping conclusions from such a small head count.But the prospect of getting reinfected with COVID-19 — and getting even sicker the second time around — could have a significant impact on how governments chart the path out of the pandemic.In particular, reinfections may render the idea of herd immunity — that is, a sufficiently high percentage of people eventually becoming immune to COVID-19 — unrealistic. “Reinfection cases mean that in some people, the immune response is not enough to protect them from infection or disease,” Akiko Iwasaki, a professor of Immunobiology and Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology at Yale University, told AFP.”Reinfections from SARS-CoV-2 [the virus that causes COVID-19] mean that immunity acquired through natural infection is not perfect.”Researchers who documented the Nevada patient’s case offered a number of possible explanations as to how he could have gotten sick twice.He may have been exposed to a very high dose of the virus the second time around, triggering a more acute reaction.Alternatively, it may have been a more virulent strain of the virus. The study, published this week in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, listed other confirmed reinfections in Belgium, the Netherlands, Hong Kong and Ecuador. Topics : Herd immunity ‘dangerous’ On Monday researchers in the Netherlands released the case study of a 89-year-woman who died after contracting COVID-19 twice.She had been treated for cancer, and her immune system was damaged as a result, making her more susceptible to severe infection.As the world searches for a vaccine, Iwasaki said that any eventually safe and universal inoculation would need to generate higher levels and longer lasting immunity in people than through natural infection.”Fortunately, some vaccine candidates appear to do exactly that.”But reinfections likely meant that any hope of naturally occurring herd immunity “would not be possible”, Iwasaki said.”Based on what we know about COVID-19, it would be too dangerous to try to achieve herd immunity through natural exposure to this virus, as it can be lethal or detrimental in people of all ages.”There is also the grim prospect of so-called antibody dependent enhancement — when antibodies actually make subsequent infections worse, such as with dengue fever.While there is currently no proof that occurs with COVID-19, Shaman said he knows of no-one who can rule that out.