Hotelest Limited (HTLS.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Tourism sector has released it’s 2016 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about Hotelest Limited (HTLS.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Hotelest Limited (HTLS.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Hotelest Limited (HTLS.mu) 2016 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileHotelest Limited is based in Port Louis, Mauritius and is engaged in the tourism and hospitality industry where, through the company’s subsidiary, Constance Hotels Services Limited, owns and operates hotels. Hotelest Limited is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.
Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Image source: Getty Images. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Australian mining company Greatland Gold (LSE:GGP) is having a better 2020 than many other UK listed companies. In fact, if I’d invested £1,000 in the Greatland Gold share price a year ago, it would have netted me around 55,865 shares. Today they’d be worth approximately £16,201! That’s great news for committed shareholders.The Greatland Gold share price is soaringThe AIM-listed company has had an exceptional year with success at its projects and excellent drilling results. The trouble with a small company like Greatland is that it needs to find the cash to continue exploration, which can often cause a downward share price slide. Thankfully, Greatland has continued backing from Newcrest Mining and investors can breathe a sigh of relief. The company has just signed two new agreements with Newcrest which will see it through a good part of 2021. And investors have responded very well to this news with the Greatland Gold share price soaring 30% in the past week.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Joint ventures and expansion plansThe first of these joint venture agreements is to expand and speed up its exploration activities at its Havieron gold-copper deposit. And the second is a farm-in and joint venture to develop Greatland’s Black Hills and Paterson Range East licences. Newcrest is also lending around $50m to the Havieron project via its Operations division. This loan will cover Greatland’s expenditure costs in the joint venture up to the completion of a feasibility study.Shareholders have enjoyed outstanding returns this year, from the success at Havieron. So, both Greatland and Newcrest are delighted with progress. That’s why they’re looking to speed things up and continue expanding the project. Both parties believe the Havieron system still has great potential hidden in its depths.Riding the bull run on goldThe price of gold has enjoyed an excellent price performance this year in response to the Covid-19 pandemic. This is because in times of economic uncertainty gold is seen as a safe-haven asset, causing cautious investors to buy it as a hedge against inflation. It has a little competition this year in the form of Bitcoin, but it’s still a favourite. Even gold ‘bear’ Warren Buffett got in on the action, buying shares in gold mining giant Barrick Gold. This was a completely unexpected move from the billionaire investor and one that really paints a picture of the uncertainty facing the financial sector.The price of gold is currently sitting around £1,368 per ounce. This is down from its August high of £1,559 per ounce. The positive news surrounding vaccine distribution boosted share prices, bringing down the gold price. But even though vaccine rollout is likely to happen soon, I don’t think it will send the price of gold plummeting. Global debt is at levels never before recorded, and concerns about inflation will remain high until we do something about it. It sounds like Greatland Gold has a lot to look forward to in 2021, and I’m tempted to invest. I also think the price of gold has further to travel, which would boost the miner’s share price even more.Mining shares and AIM-traded shares are always a riskier option than FTSE 100 shares in safer sectors. But for investors like me who don’t mind a bit of risk and diversification, I think Greatland Gold shares look a good buy. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. 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Enter Your Email Address Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. See all posts by Kirsteen Mackay
Area: 320 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Save this picture!© HMAA+ 16 Share “COPY” Japan Manufacturers: Hitachi, Lixil Corporation, YKK APSite Area:142 sqmCity:MinatoCountry:JapanMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© HMAARecommended ProductsMetallicsKriskadecorMetal Fabric – Outdoor CladdingLightsLouis PoulsenLamps – AJ CollectionWoodEGGERLaminatesWoodGustafsWood Veneered Wall & Ceiling PanelsSave this picture!SectionText description provided by the architects. The site, an elongated square to the east and west, the frontage 7m, depth 20m, is located in the middle of a gentle plateau.Save this picture!© HMAASave this picture!PlanSave this picture!PlanThough the site frontage is narrow and locate the slope areas , and also permitted only 4 floor by the legal constraints, we are asked to plan the 5 houses from client.Save this picture!© HMAAWhile cramming the volume in a narrow site of the dense residential areas, with consideration to the line of sight interference and ventilation, brightness of dwelling environment.Save this picture!© HMAAProject gallerySee allShow lessAD Classics: Palace of Westminster / Charles Barry & Augustus PuginArchitecture ClassicsHouse in Tagsdorf / DeA architectesSelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:Minamiazabu, Minato, Tokyo 106-0047, JapanLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share Year: ArchDaily CopyApartments•Minato, Japan Apartment in Minami-Azabu / HMAASave this projectSaveApartment in Minami-Azabu / HMAA ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/789582/apartment-in-minami-azabu-hmaa Clipboard Projects “COPY” Photographs: HMAA Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Apartment in Minami-Azabu / HMAA 2016 Photographs Architects: HMAA Area Area of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/789582/apartment-in-minami-azabu-hmaa Clipboard Apartments CopyAbout this officeHMAAOfficeFollowProductsSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingApartmentsMinatoJapanPublished on June 20, 2016Cite: “Apartment in Minami-Azabu / HMAA” 20 Jun 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
“COPY” “COPY” CopyAbout this officeCRUX arquitectosOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesOn FacebookSpainPublished on May 27, 2020Cite: “DOM House / CRUX arquitectos” [Casa DOM / CRUX arquitectos] 27 May 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
A majority of workers at the Trump International Hotel Las Vegas have voted “YES” to be represented by the Culinary Workers Union Local 226 and the Bartenders Union Local 165 of UNITE HERE.Las Vegas hotel workers beat back Trump — finallyAfter a vicious, two-year struggle, 500 workers at Trump International Hotel in Las Vegas emerged victorious Dec. 21, winning their first four-year contract guaranteeing annual raises, job security, health care and pensions. The majority are Latinx women workers, who joined UNITE HERE Culinary Workers Union Local 226 and Bartenders Union Local 165, and withstood illegal anti-union retaliation, intimidation and even physical assault by management. According to the Huffington Post, Donald Trump’s hotel spent over half-a-million dollars on consultants to try to stop employees from unionizing. The unions countered by exposing hotel co-owner Trump as not worker-friendly and called a boycott of all his properties. The victory shows that even up against a rich, powerful, racist enemy, worker solidarity and fighting spirit can defy expectations.UNITE HERE Local 25, which represents workers at Trump’s Washington, D.C., hotel, announced a separate agreement Dec. 21 for “an orderly organizing campaign.” Far from acting in good faith, the hotel reveals its minimal willingness to comply with existing labor laws. Local 25 could still expect a fight from Trump and company. (prnewswire.com, Dec. 21)Employees denounce IBM CEO for reaching out to TrumpWhen news broke that Trump was elected president, people of color, women, immigrants, LGBTQ individuals, people with disabilities and low-wage workers flocked to the streets and social media to express their disgust and fear. But Ginni Rometty, CEO of tech giant IBM, saw only dollar signs. In a Nov. 14 letter, she offered IBM’s solutions to help Trump “advance [his] national agenda.” IBM founder Thomas Watson, who received the Nazi Merit Cross of the German Eagle for collaborating with Hitler’s regime, would be proud. (theguardian.com, Feb. 18, 2001)IBM workers, however, objected. An online petition signed by current and former employees denounced the idea that IBM would help create a national Muslim registry and asserted “our right to refuse participation in any U.S. government contracts that violate constitutionally protected civil liberties.” The petition also called on IBM to expand diversity programs “targeting women, people of color and LGBT people with the goal of doubling recruitment of these groups in 2017.” As of Dec. 23, the petition had collected over 500 signatures. (ibmpetition.org)A Dec. 19 Intercept article noted that the IBM petition is similar to the “Never Again Pledge,” signed by about 1,700 tech workers from various companies agreeing to never “participate in the creation of databases of identifying information for the United States government to target individuals based on race, religion or national origin” and to “minimize the collection … of data [to] facilitate ethnic or religious targeting.” (neveragain.tech)Airport workers: strike in D.C., win contract in Minn.“We are on strike today to send a message that we mean business,” said baggage handler Marvin Lynch on Dec. 14 at Washington, D.C.’s National Airport. The workers at both National and Dulles airports were protesting poverty wages and lack of respect from their contract employer, Huntleigh Corp. Contracted airport service workers are excluded from the airports’ living wage law and earn as little as $3.77 an hour plus tips. Workers are demanding that all contractors pay workers $15 an hour. (dclabor.org, Dec. 15)Meanwhile, contract workers at the Minneapolis/St. Paul airport won union representation on Nov. 14. Service Employees Local 26, which began organizing them in 2013, will negotiate on behalf of 600 mostly East African contract workers. The union statement noted that their campaign aims to “eliminate Minnesota’s racial economic inequalities“ and is part of the national Fight for $15 movement for contracted airport workers. Now “85,000 airport workers nationwide have won wage increases or other improvements, including health care, paid sick leave and worker retention policies.” (seiu26.org, Dec. 5) For more about this ongoing struggle, see airportworkersunited.org.25 minimum wage victories in 2016; 34 planned for 2017-18A Dec. 21 study by the National Employment Law Project reported there were more minimum wage victories in 2016 than in any year since the Fight for $15 campaign was initiated by fast food and other low-wage workers four years ago. Twenty-five states, cities and counties raised pay for 11.8 million workers in 2016. Workers in another 21 states and cities will receive raises in 2017, and new campaigns are underway for 8 million workers in at least 13 states and cities during 2017-2018. (For detailed data, see nelp.org.)FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
News SomaliaAfrica SomaliaAfrica Help by sharing this information News Follow the news on Somalia News Reporters Without Borders welcomes the release late yesterday of Yusuf Abdi Gabobe, the publisher of the Somaliland privately-owned daily Haatuf, Ali Abdi Dini, its editor, and Mohamed Omar Sheikh Ibrahim, one of its journalists. They had been detained since January because of an article about corruption in the president’s immediate circle._______________________07.02.2005- Somaliland daily’s imprisoned executives moved to provincial jailReporters Without Borders today reiterated its appeal to the authorities in the northern breakaway state of Somaliland to release three newspaper journalists who have been held for several weeks and have just been moved from the Somaliland capital of Hargeisa to a provincial prison.“The Somaliland government’s inflexibility is dangerous,” the press freedom organisation said. “It shows that the authorities are ready to commit any kind of abuse when journalists criticise the president and his associates. This aggressive use of the police and judicial system is liable to undermine the credibility of all the efforts since 1991 to turn Somaliland into a democratic enclave within Somalia.”The publisher of the privately-owned, Hargeisa-based daily Haatuf, Yusuf Gabobe, and his editor, Ali Abdi Dini, were due to have appeared before a regional court in Hargeisa on 4 February, but were transferred to a prison in Mandera, a small locality between Hargeisa and the coastal town of Berbera. They had previously been held at Hargeisa police headquarters since their arrest on 2 January.Haatuf’s correspondent in Borame, Mohamed Omar, who was arrested at his home on 14 January and detained in the Kodbur police station in Hargeisa, has also been taken to Mandera. According to the staff of Haatuf, Gabobe is in poor health and Mandera does not have the medical facilities he needs.______________________________04.01.2007 Newspaper executives arrested in Somaliland, radio reporter arrested in BaidoaReporters Without Borders today condemned arrests of journalists in the past three days in both the northern breakaway state of Somaliland and in the southwestern city of Baidoa, where the transitional federal government has its seat. Three executives of the Hargeisa-based independent daily Haatuf have been arrested in Somaliland. Hussein Mohammed Abikar of the privately-owned Voice of the Holy Quran radio station has been arrested in Baidoa.“The fall of the Islamic Courts was supposed to usher in an era of peace and democracy in Somalia, so we are stunned to see the new year begin with a journalist being abducted again by government militias in Baidoa, while a newspaper known for being critical has been shut down in Somaliland and its executives thrown in prison,” Reporters Without Borders said.“President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, whose powers have been increased by the state of emergency, must ensure that Abikar is quickly freed and that his followers respect the press, while the Somaliland government must release Haatuf’s management and allow this newspaper to resume publishing without any further impediments,” the press freedom organisation added.Police stormed into the offices of Haatuf in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, on the afternoon of 2 January and arrested publisher Yusuf Abdi Gabobe, editor Ali Abdi Dini and chief financial officer Hussein Kalif Abdullahi, who was beaten while he was being taken to the police station. The authorities have not yet explained why they were arrested or why they are still being held.Abikar, the Voice of the Holy Quran’s correspondent for the Lower Shabelle region, was arrested in Baidoa on 1 January by forces loyal to the transitional federal government, who seized his journalistic material. It is not known where he is being held.The Reporters Without Borders partner organisation in Somalia, the National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ), said Abikar was reportedly suspected of spying. He was arrested once before in the district of Diinsor and his material was confiscated on that occasion as well. Following his first arrest, he was freed as a result of the intervention of the deputy defence minister.Reporters Without Borders meanwhile hails NUSOJ’s action in joining with most of Somalia’s media and journalists’ organisations on 2 January to issue an appeal to the transitional federal government to respect press freedom. Reporters Without Borders endorses the appeal and reaffirms its support for Somali journalists who are committed to the principles of democracy and equity. Receive email alerts February 24, 2021 Find out more News RSF_en Organisation to go further RSF and NUSOJ call for release of a journalist held in Somalia’s Puntland region Radio reporter gunned on city street in central Somalia January 8, 2021 Find out more RSF requests urgent adoption of moratorium on arrests of journalists March 2, 2021 Find out more March 30, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Three Haatuf journalists freed after being held for three months
Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. 27 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Los Angeles County Supervisors Janice Hahn and Sheila Kuehl are proposing sending a vote-by-mail ballot to all eligible L.A. County voters for the general election this November amid the ongoing effort to slow the spread of COVID-19.“No one should have to choose between their health and their right to vote,” said Hahn, who authored the motion. “We don’t know what challenges we will be facing in this pandemic this November, but by sending every voter a mail-in-ballot we can ensure that everyone can cast their ballot safely, no matter what the future holds.”The current “Safer At Home” public health order is set to expire May 15, 2020 but health officials have acknowledged that some form of social distancing will be needed for an extended period of time and that “Safer At Home” orders may be re-issued if deemed necessary to slow the spread of COVID- 19, according to a county statement.These issues could present challenges for the general election, including possibly hampering the recruitment of election workers or making it difficult for in-person voting locations to meet capacity demands while ensuring social distancing.“Nothing, including all the challenges related to COVID19, should be allowed to prevent voters from casting their ballots in November,” said Supervisor Sheila Kuehl, who coauthored the motion. “This motion takes necessary steps to ensure that all LA County voters could vote by mail in November.*The Hahn-Kuehl proposal, which will be voted on during Tuesday’s Board of Supervisors meeting, would mean that the County of Los Angeles would send mail-in-ballots to every eligible voter in all elections starting with the November 3, 2020 general election.It would also instruct the Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk to take appropriate measures to ensure the safety of voters and election workers. The supervisors have also proposed sending letters to both the Los Angeles County Congressional delegation and the Los Angeles County State Legislative delegation urging that funding be allocated to support the implementation of expanded vote-by-mail models. Make a comment Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Community News Herbeauty10 Questions To Start Conversation Way Better Than ‘How U Doing?’HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyVictoria’s Secret Model’s Tips For Looking Ultra SexyHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Special Massage Techniques That Will Make You Return For MoreHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Tips For Dating As A Single DadHerbeautyHerbeauty faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Subscribe EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Community News Business News STAFF REPORT Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * STAFF REPORT First Heatwave Expected Next Week Government County Supervisors Propose Vote-by-Mail Ballots for All L.A. County Voters CITY NEWS SERVICE Published on Friday, April 24, 2020 | 3:50 pm More Cool Stuff Top of the News Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
WhatsApp Twitter TAGSfeatured Previous article#GE16 O Dea denies urging voters to give Jan second preference votesNext articleHomeless thief robbed wheelchair user Staff Reporterhttp://www.limerickpost.ie Advertisement Email Walk in Covid testing available in Limerick from Saturday 10th April Dolores O’RioranDolores O’RiordanCRANBERRIES lead singer Dolores O’Riordan has been ordered to pay €6,000 to the court poor box within one week after a judge said that it would be unfair and unjust to leave her with a criminal conviction over an air rage incident on a flight from New York to Shannon over a year ago.Ms O’Riordan (44) with an address at Friarstown, Kilmallock had admitted three counts of assault and another charge relating to the obstruction a garda at Shannon Airport on November 10, 2014.Evidence had been heard in the case that the Limerick singer became unruly during the New York to Shannon flight.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Upon arrival, Ms O’Riordan assaulted two members of the airport police before she headbutted and spat at a garda who she falsely claimed had sexually assaulted her.She was arrested and later found singing in the custody cells proclaiming that she was the “Queen of Limerick”.In medical evidence presented to the court, Dolores O’Riordan was described as being in a hypomanic state at the time of the incident and could no be held responsible for her actions.In his ruling, Judge Patrick Durcan said that he was satisfied that Ms O’Riordan was suffering from a mental illness and thus inhibited her judgement.Ms O’Riordan was ordered to pay €6,000 into the court poor box within the week. Surgeries and clinic cancellations extended NewsBreaking news€6000 fine for Cranberries singer over air rage incidentBy Staff Reporter – February 24, 2016 1708 Shannondoc operating but only by appointment Print RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook No vaccines in Limerick yet Proceedures and appointments cancelled again at UHL First Irish death from Coronavirus Linkedin
Newsx Adverts 76th anniversary of Aranmore tragedy today Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Facebook Google+ WhatsApp Google+ WhatsApp 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Today marks the 76th anniversary of the Aranmore Disaster in which 19 people lost their lives.Eighteen of the 19 victims of the tragedy came from the same part of Aranmore, and seven were from the same family.Today’s commemorations begin with the laying of a wreath at sea at the spot where the boat went down, and will end with mass at the time the boat went down.Local priest Fr John Joe Duffy says the horror of 1935 still resonates today:[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/frjj1pm.mp3[/podcast] By News Highland – November 9, 2011 RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Previous articleFuture looks brighter for Donegal’s Town CouncilsNext articleFury in Donegal as government shelves A5 funding News Highland Twitter Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Facebook Twitter Pinterest Pinterest 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic
ColumnsAn Abject Suit With 128 Issues And Its Peacemaking Decision Sathyamurthy LS29 April 2020 7:25 AMShare This – xA civil suit for the main relief of declaration and its consequential reliefs was instituted by a non-descript woman claimed to be a right bearing ‘justice seeker' on the Original Side jurisdiction of the Bombay High Court, in the British India. The dominus litus had presented her plaint with an annexure of pedigree and with the grand narratives of facts and poignantly clear…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginA civil suit for the main relief of declaration and its consequential reliefs was instituted by a non-descript woman claimed to be a right bearing ‘justice seeker' on the Original Side jurisdiction of the Bombay High Court, in the British India. The dominus litus had presented her plaint with an annexure of pedigree and with the grand narratives of facts and poignantly clear pleas, against 14 persons, even before the advent of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (CPC). The plaint bearing a short cause title, ‘Haji Bibi vs His Holiness Sultan Mohamed Shah, The Aga Khan’ was taken on file and assigned Original Suit No: 729 of 1905. But the final judgment of the Bombay High Court was delivered after the CPC came in to effect. The compendious averments in the plaint would reveals that one Hassan Ali Shah alias Mahommed Hassan Hoosaini, was the first Aga Khan, a spiritual head of the sect of Mahomeddans called as the Shiah Imam Ismailis, which is a community known as the Khojas of Bombay. A woman namely Haji Bibi, as a sole claimant who brought the law suit was the widow of Aga Moochool Shah, who was a son of Jallal Shah, a son of the first Aga Khan. She had detailed the offerings made to Aga Khan and vehemently questioned were those offerings only for the sole use and benefit of the then spiritual head or for the benefit of the whole khoja community. The plaint had also disputed the binding nature of the release dated 11 September 1901 entered in to between the fifth defendant in his own right and as an administrator of the estate of one part, and the first defendant. There were 48 spiritual heads, mode of prayers, offerings also referred to, in the plaint. On receipt of summons, the defendants entered appearance through their counsels and filed written statements. SUPPORTING DEFENDANTS AND ORDER OF THEIR EXAMINATION The Bombay High Court while scrutinizing the claim made in the plaint and the rival claims put forth by the defendants in their written version found that some of the defendants are supporting the plaintiff’s claim. Therefore, the Court indulged in the task of how to describe or delineate the defendants supporting the claim of the plaintiff. An order was passed on 24 February, 1908 (prior to CPC came in to effect) for the interesting question about the defendants colluding with the plaintiff. Justice Russell penned down the order, which runs as follows: “Now I have been unable to find any definition of the word “plaintiff under the Indian, procedure; but I find, in the Judicature Act in England a section, viz. Section 100, which says that the word plaintiff” ” shall include every person asking any relief (otherwise than by way of counter claim as a defendant) against any other person by any form, of proceeding, whether the same be taken by action, suit, petition, motion, summons or otherwise.” Therefore, I think, common sense tells us that “plaintiff ought to mean, “every person asking relief against another person.” I have read the plaint and all the written statements since this case was last on, and the conclusion I have come to is that without doubt the plaintiff and the second defendant and defendants 9 to 14 must be considered as-to use a colloquial expression “being in the same boat”, although no doubt defendants 9 to 14 are not seeking any relief possibly beyond that of the plaintiff and the second defendant, and therefore, you have these two forces arrayed against each other-the plaintiff and the second defendant and defendants 9 to 14 against the other defendants in the suit” As stated above, the High Court first of all analysed the pleas and claims of each and every parties on the basis of their pleadings set out in the plaint and written statements. The line was also drawn identifying the actual contestants among the parties and the defendants who had supported the plaintiffs described in the colloquial expression ‘being in the same boat’. Further, in the exercise of searching out a more appropriate and comprehensive word to indicate the defendant who accepted and admitted the plea or relief claimed by the plaintiff, the Court thought that in the absence of any specific definition for the term plaintiff it would be utter discretion of the Judge as to how to address or mention the parties to the suit. However, the Court has also observed that there is no bar or nothing precluded the defendants who support the plaintiff’s case to join with the plaintiff and lay a claim as joint plaintiffs. But it is also the right of the plaintiff, who is a master of the suit, and de jure author of the plaint, can choose his rival parties. The Court while granting such an enormous liberty to the plaintiff in suing before the court of law, incidentally decided an extremely important aspect on the right of hot contesting defendants, amidst the sleeper cell defendants, who might clandestinely prejudice the cross examination and other phases of trial. It was held that in this case ‘the plaintiff and such of the defendants who support the plaintiff’s case wholly or in part, must address the Court and call their evidence in the first place, and then, the other party, namely the persons opposed to the plaintiff’s case must address the court and call their evidence and so the case must be proceeded with in a proper legal and consistent manner.' If the ninth defendant supporting the plaintiff was allowed to cross examine the plaintiff or adduce the evidence after the really contesting defendants 1 to 8, chaotic eventualities may arise or the defence put forth by the real rival party of the case might be diluted by the afterthought statements. Many a times the ambiguity or lacunae if any, created in the process of trial by one party may be clarified or filled up by the supporting party, if allowed to address after the contesting party exhausted the opportunity. In the cases where colluding parties or the parties hand in glove with each others in the suit frame may cause prejudice the trial and disturb the adjudicatory process, the High Court has framed guidelines as to the order of examination of parties to the suit, to ensure fair trial in the civil courts, before the commencement of CPC. 128 ISSUES AND MARATHAON TRIAL After the parties settled down by making their pleas and claims in writing through the plaint and written statement the Court looked in to the pleadings on the date of first hearing of the suit and framed as many as 128 issues in the suit. The contents of the final judgment delivered on 01 September, 1908 (after the commencement of CPC) do not consist of any particulars as to alterations or modification of issues or application from either side for reducing the number of issues. It appears that the learned counsels represented the parties have adduced evidence touching all the issues framed in the suit. There was voluminous oral evidence recorded by the Court and through the advocate commissioners. The observation of the Bombay High Court regarding 128 issues framed in the said suit is given hereunder: ‘Although in this suit no less than 128 issues have been raised, and the suit itself has attained the distinction of having taken up the longest time on record in this Court, the real questions at issue are of a simple character, and are not more than two in number. The first of these questions is: Are the offerings made by the Khoja community of Bombay to the Aga Khan made to him for his sole use and benefit or for the use and benefit of certain members of his family? (2) Was the release of the 11th September 1901 made between Shamsudin, defendant No. 5, in his own right and as administrator of the estate of Jungi Shah of the one part, and defendant No. 1 of the other, a sham transaction or collusive and fraudulent, and is it binding upon the plaintiff?’ Though the Court in the judgment pointed out that out of 128 issues only two issues are important and material, without omitting any issues, all the issues have taken in to consideration and after discussion, specific answers given with reasons and the newly (at the relevant time) enacted provision Order XIV Rule 2 CPC was scrupulously complied with. The speedy trial recognized as an inalienable right under Article 21 of the Constitution of India (1950) was duly considered in this suit by the Court as early as on1909 itself and the concern also expressed in the first paragraph of the judgment quoted supra, for the unavoidable long time consumption in the adjudication of suit. Hon’ble Justice Benjamin N Cardozo, (Supreme Court, United States) has made a remark that ‘every judgment has a generative power. It begets in its own image’. The Haji Bibi case has its own generative power, for the reason that it has not only dealt with a highly sensational religious dispute and framed as many as 128 issues or looked into more than 250 pages oral evidence of witnesses or 445 exhibits on both sides, but convinced the hot contested litigants by positive words and compassionate language. The observation in the last paragraph (extracted hereunder) of the judgment reflects bona fide intention of Honb’le Justice Russell, who has resolved the dispute and wrote the judgment anticipated disappearance of differences of opinion that prevailed in the minds of the parties. ‘In this judgment I have tried to avoid saying a word which may enhance feelings of religious animosity in the community or hatred among the members of the family, and I trust that the result of this case may be that gradually any feelings of such a character may disappear from the minds of the members of the family as well as from those of this large and important community.' A law suit is to decide which of the two claimants entitled to be and a judge determinates it, in his judgment. Of course, with the pronouncement of verdict the court becomes functus officio, but the judicial product commences its functioning and spirits starts to spread from it from the date of delivery. The valuable purpose and noble vision of the judgment of Haji Bibi case was as expressed by Hon’ble Justice Russell, not only adjudicating the rights of the parties but also to dispel the hatred feelings and restore harmony and peace among them. Therefore, he employed euphemistic words, persuasive phrases and assigned convincing reasons to pacify the litigants to whom the judgment was meant and the entire sect of the Muslim. The noblest intention of its maker expressed in the last paragraph (quoted above) made this judgment to remain in the annals of judicial history for ever and the legal fraternity has been referring it often with deep reverence, for the purpose of conflict resolution with peacemaking through judgment.Views Are Personal Only (The author is a District Judge serving in the Special Court for CBI Cases in Chennai.)  The author prefers to substitute ‘Justice Seeker’ instead of describing the litigant as plaintiff or defendant in this note.  The Code Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908) came in to effect on 1 January, 1908.  1908 (10) BLR 327 ;  1908 (10) BLR 327  See Siraj Ahamed vs Premnath (1993) 4 SCC 406 @ p 412. As per CPC, the date of first hearing of the suit is the day on which a civil court applies its mind to the pleadings for the purpose of framing of suit.  Haji Bibi vs His Holiness Sultan Mohamed Shah, The Aga Khan CDJ 1908BHC 115  As per Rule 2 of Order XIV CPC, the Court shall pronounce judgment on all issues.  Hon’ble Justice Benjamin N Cardozo, The Nature of the Judicial Process, Universal Publishing, New Delhi ( 2011) P 21 CDJ 1908BHC 115 Next Story