Fincantieri cuts steel for second Italian Navy multipurpose offshore patrol ship Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri has started construction of the second Italian Navy multipurpose offshore patrol ship (PPA).The steel-cutting ceremony took place on October 3 at the shipbuilder’s Riva Trigoso, Genova, shipyard.The unit will be delivered in 2022 and is part of the Italian Navy vessel renewal plan which started in May 2015.The project as a whole involves the construction of nine units, including seven PPAs, one multipurpose amphibious unit (LHD or Landing Helicopter Dock), and one logistic support unit (LSS or Logistic Support Ship).The 132.5-meter multipurpose offshore patrol vessels will serve multiple functions, ranging from patrol with sea rescue capacity to civil protection operations and, in their most highly equipped version, first line fighting vessel.PPAs will have different configurations of the combat system: starting from a “soft” version for the patrol task, integrated for self-defence ability, to a “full” one, equipped for a complete defence ability.The vessels will be crewed by 171 servicemen and, propelled by a combined diesel, a gas turbine plant (CODAG) and an electric propulsion system, they will be capable of reaching speeds of over 33 knots. RHIBS up to 11 meter in length will be deployed through lateral cranes or a hauling ramp located at the far stern.The PPAs will be built at the Integrated Shipyard of Riva Trigoso and Muggiano, with delivery expected, for the first vessel of the class, in 2021. Subsequent deliveries are scheduled to take place in 2022, 2023, 2024 (two units), 2025 and 2026. Share this article View post tag: PPA Back to overview,Home naval-today Fincantieri cuts steel for second Italian Navy multipurpose offshore patrol ship October 4, 2017 View post tag: Italian Navy Authorities View post tag: Fincantieri
Bhayangkara Police Hospital deputy head, Adj. Sr. Comr. Zulhairi, said the hospital had identified another body, without providing any further details.The hospital set up an emergency post to gather data on the victims from their relatives to help them identify the remaining bodies.“Those who fear that they might have lost a family member in the fire can submit their fingerprints, ID cards or diplomas [to the emergency post],” said Zulhairi.Previously, authorities confirmed 22 crew members were injured while several others were trapped in the oil tanker. The injured victims were immediately rushed to nearby hospitals.Witnesses said an explosion occurred on Monday morning when the ship was about to dock at the Waruna Shipyard in the port. A column of thick smoke began rising from the oil tanker at 8:30 a.m.Local authorities struggled to put out the resulting flames until 3 p.m. as the remaining oil stored in the ship’s hold had caught fire.The police are still investigating the cause of the blaze. (rfa)Topics : The authorities have confirmed that at least seven crew members were killed in a fire on board the crude oil tanker Jag Leela at Belawan Port in Medan, North Sumatra, on Monday morning.A search and rescue team recovered on Tuesday the bodies of seven crew members in several different parts of the ship, including on the deck.Indra, a member of the SAR team deployed to the scene, said the team had only managed to identify one of the recovered bodies. “Of the seven bodies we’ve found, only one has been immediately identified as Soewondo. The rest have been severely burned,” Indra told The Jakarta Post, adding that the victims were presumably trapped inside the ship during the fire.The SAR team has also been spraying water onto the ship to ensure the safety of the evacuation operation.North Sumatra Police spokesperson, Adj. Sr. Comr. MP Nainggolan, said the bodies of the seven victims had been transferred to the Bhayangkara Police Hospital in the city for identification. “The number of casualties may still increase as the search operation is still under way.”Read also: Crude oil tanker bursts into flames in Medan, injuring 22
By Dave PanskeSEYMOUR, Wis. – Seymour Speedway will host another open practice session tonight (Tuesday, June 9) from 5-8 p.m.The track will be open for anyone to take laps to test, tune or just get seat time.Pit pass is $15 for anyone entering the pit. Grandstand admission will be free.A full, five-division race program will return this Sunday evening sponsored by Ben’s Small Engine and Rooster’s Pub and Grub.The night will be topped with the Spectator Eliminators. Racing starts at 5:30 p.m.
Further questions have been raised over the government’s lack of commitment to securing the future of Community Hospitals in Donegal.There was anger in the Dáil yesterday as Deputy Pearse Doherty, Deputy Pat the Cope Gallagher and Deputy Charlie McConalogue sought answers over whether funding needed to secure the future of long-stay residential services at St Joseph’s and Ramelton Community Hospitals will be allocated.Their comments come following a debate where the Government again failed to specifically state when the funding for the projects would be allocated, while no further details of plans being considered with respect to Lifford Hospital could be given either. Teachta Doherty said: “It’s a pity that the Minister isn’t here to take this Debate and to put on record the future of Donegal’s three community hospitals.“We’re three years on from when the HSE and Government said very clearly that long stay beds were to close at St Joseph’s and Ramelton, while it was said that the facility in Lifford was also to close.“Over that time communities have been fobbed off, with Minister Joe McHugh going out on local media in Donegal telling them about multi-million euro grants being sanctioned.“Yet, we know that not a penny has yet been sanctioned for these projects. “These communities will only believe that the old plan is in the bin where it belongs and that the future of these hospitals is viable and secure when money has actually been granted.The Sinn Féin Finance Spokesperson also queried the government’s current position with respect to the future of Lifford hospital.Deputy Doherty said: “This is also an important campaign and we badly need those beds too if we are to compliment the new nursing facility planned for Letterkenny.“Minister, when we met at the start of November last we heard good news when we were advised that the old plans to close these hospitals had been revised and we cautiously welcomed it at the time.“The problem is however that we have been told things over and over again by Government Ministers which simply were not true, and we’ve been given answers previously to Dáil Questions only to be informed that the information given was incorrect.” Deputy Doherty highlighted how the local campaigns for assurance on local hospitals appear to be falling on deaf ears.He concluded: “For three years the people of Lifford, Stranorlar and Ramelton have taken to the streets in protest yet they have not yet been allocated any funding – not a bean.“And this Government is continuing to fail to give a commitment as to when this project is going to be signed off on and when it will appoint a design team.”Deputy Gallagher said grave concerns remain amongst the respective communities served by these three community hospitals, and recently over 1,000 people took to the streets of Ballybofey and Stranorlar to show their support for their local hospital. Pat the Cope stated whilst the Minister of State did clearly state on the record of the Dáil today that the plans for St Joseph’s have been changed along with the plans for Ramelton Community Hospital, he failed to commit any finance for the two projects due to the fact the current Capital Plan for the HSE has not yet been finalised.He said “Unfortunately, for Lifford Community Hospital the Government have failed completely to commit to any future for the existing building and the hospital overall and furthermore no decision is to be taken until post 2021 concerning any replacement of the hospital.“This is regrettable news for Lifford and I would urge the Government to reconsider their decision on this matter. Lifford has a clear and identifiable need for a long stay accommodation unit and care unit added Pat the Cope.“In relation to St Joseph’s and Ramelton the reply failed to fully commit to the appointment of a design team, which was already promised but no reference was made to timelines or project team for redeveloping the hospital.“It is, therefore, necessary that the Department of Health and the various Ministers dealing with these hospitals to firm up on what exact decision is taken for inclusion in the capital plan, how many long stay beds are to be retained in these hospitals and when exactly the design works are to commence.“It is just typical of this Government thus far in relation to these three hospitals – whereby everything is promised but nothing is followed through on and even less is actually delivered, this is why in essence so many of the people of Donegal have lost faith in the commitments already given in relation to these hospitals. It is now imperative that all these matters are confirmed.”Anger over lack of commitment on community hospitals was last modified: April 3rd, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Darwin recognized the vertebrate eye as one of the biggest challenges for his theory. Still in 2008, evolutionists are debating it. Two recent articles, both pro-evolution, reveal almost black-and-white attitudes about the problem. One is cheery and optimistic; the other sober. Eye evolution? No problem. That seems to be the view of Kate McDonald, who wrote “Slimeballs and eyeballs: hagfish and the evolution of the eye” for the Australian Life Scientist. She thinks recent attempts in putting the parts together have forced creationists to blink. She quoted Darwin’s famous worry as a fulcrum to spring back against critics:Charles Darwin famously highlighted the eye, “with all its inimitable contrivances”, as one of the hurdles in the acceptance of his theory of natural selection. “[It} seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest possible degree”, that this complex organ arose as the result of natural selection. This confession has in the past been seized upon by the bright lights of the intelligent design movement and their ilk as proof that Darwin himself had doubts about his own theories. Creationists have gone a bit quiet on this front in recent years as more is known about the evolution of the eye, and they might just be done away with completely if a hypothesis set out in a Nature Reviews Neuroscience paper last December proves to be correct.A hypothesis is not a proof. One looks in vain in Ms. McDonald’s five-page treatise for evidence that the team of Trevor Lamb, Shaun Collin and Ed Pugh have pulled off an upset in this long-standing contest. All they have proposed is a five-stage pathway animals might have traversed from simple light-sensitive spots to the vertebrate retina with its focusing lens and optic nerve. This all assumes the eye evolved in the first place. By the end of the article, it becomes apparent that they have only suggested a path for further investigation. Their solution lies in future tense. A key player on their proposed evolutionary path is the hagfish – a slimy jawless eel, which McDonald spends time telling us is as ugly as its name. Both hagfish and lampreys belong to Agnatha, a group of marine jawless fish thought to have arisen 530 million years ago. While hagfish have simple “proto-eyes,” their cousins the lampreys have the whole shebang. Lamb, Collin and Pugh have to cram a lot of innovation into the next period:Then comes stage four, a period of about 30 million years, in which lamprey-like ancestors evolve and photoreceptors with cone-like features appear, along with an explosion in visual ability. Genome duplications give rise to multiple copies of the phototransduction genes, which allow light to be converted into electrical signals; cell classes diverge into five cone-like receptors; cone bipolar cells and ganglion cells evolve; ganglion-cell axons project into the thalamus and the optic equipment evolves – the lens, the iris and the extra-ocular muscles.That’s a lot of evolution in the blink of a geological eye. Nowhere did the article indicate how the authors tied these innovations to random mutations. In fact, the flavor of the entire article is Lamarckian. A need exists, so the environment delivers (cf. 04/20/2008). This does not dismiss the null hypothesis that needs might go unfulfilled, nor does it explain why the primitive solutions survived quite well for hundreds of millions of years. Since hagfish and lampreys provide a key milestone on Lamb et al’s map of eye evolution, let’s look at a different paper on the topic. In the Journal of Experimental Biology this month,1 two Swedes and an Australian published a paper right on this point: the evolution of focusing eyes in lampreys. Their abstract reveals a less optimistic attitude:Jawless fishes (Agnatha; lampreys and hagfishes) most closely resemble the earliest stage in vertebrate evolution and lamprey-like animals already existed in the Lower Cambrian [about 540 million years ago (MYA)]. Agnathans are thought to have separated from the main vertebrate lineage at least 500 MYA. Hagfishes have primitive eyes, but the eyes of adult lampreys are well-developed. The southern hemisphere lamprey, Geotria australis, possesses five types of opsin genes, three of which are clearly orthologous to the opsin genes of jawed vertebrates. This suggests that the last common ancestor of all vertebrate lineages possessed a complex colour vision system. In the eyes of many bony fishes and tetrapods, well-focused colour images are created by multifocal crystalline lenses that compensate for longitudinal chromatic aberration. To trace the evolutionary origins of multifocal lenses, we studied the optical properties of the lenses in four species of lamprey… with representatives from all three of the extant lamprey families. Multifocal lenses are present in all lampreys studied. This suggests that the ability to create well-focused colour images with multifocal optical systems also evolved very early.So even though coming from an evolutionary perspective, this says their findings reduce the time for all the innovation required in Lamb et al’s Stage Four. The hagfish is not an intermediate. Whatever was ancestor to lampreys and hagfishes already had the equipment and know-how to focus optical images. By implication, this includes the rest of the toolkit: retinal cells, ganglion cells, optic nerves and a brain to interpret them in living color. Get an eyeful of this: the BBC News has a picture of the lens from a giant squid. This denizen of the dark ocean depths has the largest eyeball of any known animal – 11 inches in diameter. The squid’s “truly amazing eyes” are probably the largest of any animal living or extinct. National Geographic has photos of the monster. Squid belong to the mollusk Cephalopod class, which originated in the late Cambrian. Though octopus and squid are said to have evolved later, the presence of complex, focusing, retinal eyes presents another evolutionary problem. Either these eyes developed completely independently by “convergent evolution,” or the common ancestor of cephalopods and lampreys already possessed the complex genetic toolkit for focusing color vision. A paper in Nature May 15 makes this remarkable statement: “human melanopsin – which on the basis of sequence similarity – is more closely related to invertebrate than to vertebrate rhodopsin.”2 In fact, the similarities between the light-sensitive proteins of animals from completely different branches of Darwin’s tree is striking: “The crystal structure shows that the arrangement of helices I to VIII is similar to that of the rhodopsins isolated from frogs and cattle, so the overall three-dimensional structure of the protein is very similar in vertebrates and invertebrates.” Differences seem attributable to the different environments of the respective animals.1. Gustaffson, Collin and Kroger, “Early evolution of multifocal optics for well-focused colour vision in vertebrates,” Journal of Experimental Biology 211, 1559-1564 (2008), published online May 2, 2008 by The Company of Biologists 2008, doi: 10.1242/jeb.016048.2. Gebhard F. X. Schertler, “Signal transduction: The rhodopsin story continued,” Nature 453, 292-293 (15 May 2008) | doi:10.1038/453292a.Where has Kate McDonald been? Where has she been getting her information about creationism and intelligent design? Certainly not here; we have a string of articles from 2000 to the present revealing that severe challenges to “eye evolution” show no signs of abating (see, for instance, as recently as 03/31/2008 and its embedded links to earlier entries; also 07/17/2006, 05/22/2003). Every time the Darwinists have tried to blind the public by bluffing about the evolution of vision we have poked them right back in the proverbial eye with the facts (e.g., 12/13/2007, 09/29/2006, 09/22/2005). If McDonald thinks the debate has gotten quiet on the creationist side she’s got fingers in her ears as well as her eyes closed. Anyone who thinks this latest manufactured five-stage fictional plot about how eyes evolved has any credibility should notice that the Gustaffson et al paper made the story come apart in the middle. Our watchful eyes don’t let evolutionists get away with bluffing.(Visited 17 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
CodeMakers teaches learners at schools in Umlazi, eThekwini to understand computer programme coding and in the process tell their stories through creating their own animations, games and interactive stories.The isiZulu option on the Scratch website helps Umlazi learners learn more about coding. Non-profit organisation CodeMakers set it up to help youngsters understand the coding programme better. (Image: CodeMakers)Brand South Africa reporterMore than 700 learners in Umlazi, in eThekwini, KwaZulu-Natal, have learned computer programme coding and have produced animations that tell their stories in their own words and their own language. The skills training was undertaking by the non-profit organisation CodeMakers.The organisation began in 2015 with a pilot of linked courses — coding, cardboard engineering and robotics.Stories told through programmingSpeaking to talk radio 702, CodeMakers founder and executive director Justin Yarrow said the group gave children an opportunity to take apart a piece of technology and build their own. “What we are doing is helping kids in many different ways other than just understanding how coding works.”Scratch, a free visual programming language, is used. Learners are able to create animations, games and interactive stories.“Doing Scratch computer coding is very creative and for kids with curiosity, it gets them to approach problems from a point of logic,” Yarrow told Business Day Live.“It also gets kids to express themselves and letting their stories be told is incredibly important.”This gave children recognition, he said. Through the project, they had found that many children “don’t feel like they can be creators of technology”. CodeMakers wanted to change this.Its goals included helping its learners recognise the power of computers, especially since many South African children left school without ever using a computer, Yarrow said.Currently CodeMakers work with grade 6 to 10 learners of Umkhumbane Secondary School and Bhekaphambili Primary School. “We have worked with or run workshops at the KwaZulu-Natal Society of Arts (KZNSA), eThekwini Municipality Area Based Management Unit, Chesterville Extension Library, Meadowlands Secondary and Wiggins Secondary,” said Yarrow.“In the workshop we did with learners at KZNSA they made stories about what they thought the year 2050 would look like, with talking animals, robots, flying cars, and the extinction of rhinos.”CodeMakers has three inter-linked programmes that teach, inspire and empower learners to understand and pursue studies and careers in science and technology. The programmes are:Skills through hands-on coding classesInspire through video interviews of early career professionalsEmpower through offline internet education resourcesCareers in science and technologyMedical microbiology student Bonisile Luthuli is one of the people profiled by CodeMakers through video interviews. One of her tasks is testing various drugs on tuberculosis (TB) bacteria in the search for those that will kill the bacteria.She was interested in how science kept evolving, Luthuli said. The deaths of relatives from TB had driven her to a career in science, Luthuli said, and she hoped to make a difference by finding a cure for the illness.She works at KwaZulu-Natal Research Institute for TB and HIV. “I went to a school that didn’t have a library or computers. I had never touched a computer in my life before I came to university and I had never seen a microscope.”She encourages learners to pursue careers in science and technology. “Go for it, work hard, and focus on your studies,” Luthuli said. “You don’t have to be super smart. You just have to work hard.”Watch Bonisile Luthuli explains what her work entails:Watch a biomedical scientist profiled by CodeMakers:Sources: CodeMakers, Business Day Live, Radio 702 and CodeMakers, YouTube.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material
Related Posts A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… selena larson Tags:#Companion App#death of Twitter#Dick Costolo#earnings#town square app#twitter#twitter companion#twitter town square Reports of Twitter’s death have been greatly exaggerated. Yes, the social network is experiencing slow growth. Sure, Twitter is implementing a slew of changes that will transform it into a website very different from the text-based social network we’ve come to love. And maybe you’ve gotten bored with it. That doesn’t mean we’ll be attending its funeral any time soon. Early adopters will no doubt decry Twitter’s evolution—and I’m one of them. I’m not a fan of the new Twitter that copies features from Facebook with abandon, and I’m definitely not alone. People who have used the service for years have become accustomed to the way it looks and operates; we’ve become the Twitter elite that gets how Twitter works, with all the silly hashtags and Twitter canoes, and we don’t want more people coming in to rock the boat. See Also: Why Twitter’s Facebook Obsession Is UnhealthyThe thing is, Twitter can’t be considered a dead social network until it has time to live among the masses. And to appeal to a larger audience—one that isn’t just tech bloggers, media, early adopters and their ilk—it needs to change.Twitter, as we know it, might be dying. But much like a caterpillar turning into a butterfly, Twitter needs to experience radical change before it can really fly. Not A Town Crier, But A Friendly CompanionTwitter CEO Dick Costolo has historically referred to his social network as a “town square,” with millions of people sharing news and events with each other in 140-character spurts in real time. But Costolo dropped his metaphor during Twitter’s first quarter earnings call on Tuesday.“We think of Twitter as this companion experience to what’s happening in the world,” he said.Twitter itself is acknowledging the changes. It’s come to realize the “town square” metaphor doesn’t resonate with the masses, and it needs to reposition itself as an accompaniment to, rather than an authority on, what’s happening around its users.Twitter as a companion service means that people don’t necessarily have to tweet or contribute all the time just to enjoy the greater community that solely exists on Twitter.The company’s move to become the most popular “second screen” experience is a perfect example. Twitter wants to be the application everyone is using while watching television, but that doesn’t necessarily mean people must tweet simultaneously. Sometimes just following their favorite celebrities’ statuses or reading hashtag threads will be enough.For instance, on Monday’s “The Voice,” banter between coaches Blake Shelton and Adam Levine found its way to Twitter. Shelton tweeted rival coach Levine’s cell phone number, which was retweeted almost 40,000 times. As a fan of “The Voice,” watching the duo tease each other without being privy to it firsthand might produce a bit of FOMO—or fear of missing out—and could prompt new Twitter users to sign up just to take part in the fun.Twitter also announced Tuesday it has grown to 255 million monthly active users, up from 241 million last quarter. Still, investors don’t feel Twitter is growing fast enough: Those growth numbers fell below analyst expectations, and as a result, Twitter shares fell shortly after the company released its earnings.An Expected ShiftIndeed, Twitter has a slow growth problem, but it’s not for lack of awareness. Twitter is unavoidable: Tweets are embedded on news outlets around the world, broadcasters read tweets while calling sporting events, and it’s almost impossible to watch live television without seeing an advertisement incorporate a hashtag or an @-mention. People are aware of Twitter, they just don’t know how—or why—they should use it.The company has made significant changes to its core product in an effort attract a broader audience and boost user growth. Most notably, the company completely redesigned user profiles by ripping off a more user-friendly service—Facebook. The Facebookification of Twitter certainly has its downsides—we don’t want another place for friends. But as its slow growth demonstrates, Twitter, as it is right now, isn’t enough. Twitter also hinted at more tweaks to its direct message product, a feature that has seen its own share of updates in recent months. A more robust messaging service that complements its companion app strategy will hopefully encourage even more people to use the application.Try as it might to convince users otherwise, Twitter still faces an identity problem. It’s struggling to become a must-have application for everyone, while those of us who rely on it for news and events are slowly becoming dissatisfied with the way it seems to be diluting itself to appeal to a broader audience.Twitter is taking a risk—it’s making changes to get more people on the service that alienate the people that helped build it up in the first place. It’s a risk Twitter is willing to take, because getting the next 255 million people on Twitter is worth making a few dedicated users very unhappy.Lead image courtesy of NYSE The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification
What are the differences when compressing your videos with a variety of different applications?More often than not, as editors we tend to follow familiar routines because they’re, well, familiar. We stick to what we know. But our current process might not be the best one. Thankfully some studious editors have been comparing the differences in video compression and transcoding when using a variety of post-production apps and sharing their results online.In the opening video above you can see for yourself how Divergent Media’s Edit Ready is compared to Compressor, Episode and Media Encoder when transcoding the same file on a 2013 Retina Macbook Pro. Of course, the test was created by Divergent to showcase the superior speed of their software, but it does give a good comparison on how popular encoding/transcoding apps stack up.Filmmaker and fellow Premiumbeat blogger Noam Kroll shares his findings when comparing a H.264 exports from FCPX and Premiere Pro CC, which also sparked an interesting conversation on Twitter. If you click through to Noam’s blog you’ll be able to see some close up images to compare the exports for yourself, but as Noam summarizes:On a recent project of mine though, I noticed that when using my standard H.264 settings in Adobe Premiere Pro the result of the final product didn’t look quite right. It was blocky, over compressed, and even the colors seemed a bit off. I even went back and re-exported the file to make sure that all my settings were in place – including checking off ‘Use Maximum Render Quality’, but still I had the same poor results. So I went back to FCP X and did an output using the exact same settings and there was absolutely no question that the FCP X output looked far better. I ran this same test again using Compressor and Adobe Media Encoder and had the exact same results.If you’re in the habit of exporting your final files for the web through Premiere Pro or Adobe Media Encoder you might want to check if this these problems are also an issue for you.Adobe Media Encoder Vs Apple CompressorInterestingly enough editor and trainer, Larry Jordan, shares his insights when comparing Apple Compressor 4 and Adobe Media Encoder CC Version 8 and comes to a very different conclusion. Larry’s post is very detailed and full of handy charts, images and even a pdf download. Helpfully, he specifies the time taken to create each file and the final file sizes too, which can be especially important to know when the client dictates a specific limit. Larry notes that:Adobe Media Encoder is significantly faster than Apple Compressor. By a lot. And with much better image quality at lower bit rates – Any image will look good at higher bit rates. The real test of image quality during compression is how good an image looks at lower bit rates.Larry’s article is well worth a read, especially if you have both sets of applications installed on your machine.Maybe it’s time to think twice about your workflow!
Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now Two runners step up the starting line.The first runner is wearing the most technologically advanced, aerodynamic running gear ever created. It reduces drag by 14% as compared with any other fabric used to make running clothes. It is the best and most expensive running gear available.The second runner is wearing the cheapest, least aerodynamic sweat suit available. It is very old and worn, and purchased it at a retailer because of its low price. It’s embarrassing.The first runner is wearing the newest shoes made by the finest running shoe manufacturer on Earth. Not only do they weigh less than any other shoe by the widest of margins, they also do more to protect the runners feet and legs from fatigue. The best runners run longer and faster in these shoes.The second runner is wearing an ordinary pair of cheap running shoes. They are nowhere near as light as the first runner’s shoes, nor do they do anything to protect this runner’s feet or legs from fatigue. There is no evidence that any runner is faster in these shoes, and there is good reason to believe the heavier weight reduces performance.The first runner has a sports drink specifically designed to provide everything a runner needs to improve their performance, including the electrolytes and other minerals that have proven under rigorous, scientific study to improve performance against any other liquid one might consume while running.The second runner has water. Not even bottled water. The water this runner intends to drink is tap water from their kitchen sink.The first runner is wearing the best running watch and heart rate monitor, allowing this runner to manage their heart rate and their split times, and a host of other measurements important to winning a race. This runner looks like a world champion.The second runners has no watch or heart rate monitor, and is wearing wrist bands and a head band that makes them look like something straight out of 1974.Which runner wins the race?How You LoseThe first runner, the one with all the professional gear, is poorly trained, has incredibly bad form and, despite the appearances to the contrary, isn’t a very experienced or fast runner. This runner has never done the work it takes to run this race—or any like it.The second runner, despite their lack of gear and their appearance, is well-trained, has perfect form, has years of experiencing racing, and is very fast over long distances, having done all the work necessary to have achieved this state.It’s Not the GearThere is no gear or tool available to you that will allow you make up for a lack of the fundamentals of success necessary in any human endeavor. Trying to replace the mindset and skill sets with the accoutrements is a fool’s errand. Worse still, avoiding doing the work necessary to build the competencies required of you is not only negligent, it’s how you push the results you want further away from you into a future that cannot arrive without you doing what is necessary to bring it to life.