Previous articleArysta Lifescience Introduces Tepera™ Brand FungicidesNext articleChina Plans to Cut Corn Acreage Gary Truitt Facebook Twitter Dinneen also said the API exaggerated claims that the RFS has raised food prices 25 percent.“Instead food prices have risen by an average of just 2.7 percent per year since 2005, the year RFS was adopted. In fact, only 17 cents of every dollar spent on food pays for the raw farm ingredients in the food item. The other 83 cents pay for processing, transportation, labor, packaging, advertising and other costs,” Dinneen said.The RFA poll, conducted by Morning Consult, included results from 2,004 registered voters. The data cited by API was pulled from a poll, conducted by Harris Poll, of 1,013 registered voters. SHARE Seventy-seven percent of voters are also concerned that automakers say they might not provide warranty coverage if owners fuel their vehicles with a higher ethanol blend levels. Seventy-six percent of voters worry that using corn for energy production instead of food could increase food costs as well.“The fact is, our new energy realities have made the RFS obsolete,” API Downstream Group Director Frank Macchiarola told reporters during a conference call on Wednesday. “It is a broken and outdated policy. Americans are not consuming as much gasoline as Congress estimated they would when the mandate was passed in 2007. That means current ethanol mandates push far more ethanol into gasoline than today’s vehicles can accommodate. ”Though Republicans were generally more concerned about increasing the RFS, with 85 percent of Republicans worried the gas prices would increase and the U.S. fuel supply would see losses, other parties showed only slightly lower levels of concern. Seventy-five percent of Democrats and 71 percent of Independents said breaching the blend wall could hurt consumers.“A vast majority of Americans are deeply concerned by the consequences of this broken RFS policy. In other words, the public gets it. Regardless of party affiliation, voters are concerned with mandates that force too much ethanol into our fuel supply,” Macchiarola said.However, a pushback poll released by the Renewable Fuels Association also released on Wednesday showed vastly different results. Fifty-seven percent of voters said they supported the RFS. Nineteen percent of voters said they opposed the mandate.“It’s no surprise that API, an organization which has made its top priority to get rid of the RFS, is trotting out a phony faux poll to support its antediluvian narrative about biofuels,” said RFA President and CEO Bob Dinneen in a statement. “This push poll, which uses opinionated statements to elicit a negative response to biofuels, is not reflective of reality.” SHARE According to data released Wednesday by the American Petroleum Institute, 77 percent of registered voters are concerned that increasing the ethanol blend level over 10 percent under the Renewable Fuel Standard could drive up gasoline prices for consumers. Facebook Twitter By Gary Truitt – Apr 7, 2016 Polls Show Different Opinions on Renewable Fuel Standard Home Energy Polls Show Different Opinions on Renewable Fuel Standard
An optimistic look at the ski season aheadThere’s no way to sugarcoat it: last ski season sucked. After a big snowfall in October, which dropped a foot of powder on Snowshoe Mountain, West Virginia (before the resort was open), Old Man Winter pulled a no-show. Virginia resorts were some of the hardest hit, reporting only 57 percent of their average annual snowfall. Worse yet, temps were so unseasonably warm, the mountains couldn’t get their snow guns going with any consistency.“It was one of the worst winters we’ve ever seen,” says Kenny Hess, ski operation manager for Massanutten Resort outside of Harrisonburg, Virginia. Mass, which usually averages 35 inches of natural powder a year, didn’t even reach double digits last season. And they weren’t alone. Even looking to the Rockies didn’t offer any solace. Many Colorado and Utah resorts failed to reach the 200-inch snow mark.“Everyone took their lumps last year,” says Rob Schwartz, general manager for Bryce Resort, Virginia’s smallest ski resort.Skiers and boarders took their lumps too, dealing with spotty conditions and hopeful forecasts that rarely panned out. Some simply took 2011-2012 off. We cross-trained. We mountain biked through winter. But as the saying goes, absence makes the heart grow fonder. As fall transitions to winter, we’re itching to hit the slopes hard. Here’s what you need to know to make the most of this ski season.How’s the Weather? Last winter was a bummer, but this winter should be a winner according to leading meteorologists. Long-range forecaster Paul Pastelok at Accuweather is calling for above-normal snowfall for the majority of our resorts and Mid-Atlantic cities, based mostly on the weak presence of an El Niño pattern. At press time, the Old Farmer’s Almanac agreed, also siting the weak El Niño.Want some less scientific indicators of a good winter? How about a couple of long-standing folklore indicators of a harsh (read: great) winter. 1) For every fog in August, there will be a snowfall in winter. 2) If the corn husks are thick during harvest, the winter will be cold and snowy.Cheapest Ski Digs: $20 A hotel is nice, but camping is cheap. Canaan Resort has the best winter camping situation in our region. For $20, you get a pad, showers, and full power hookup at Canaan Valley State Park. And it’s all across the street from Canaan Resort’s 180 annual inches of snowfall and 850 feet of vertical drop, not to mention the cross-country trails that traverse the park. canaanresort.com Ski When You Want Appalachian Ski Mountain is introducing a Flex Ticket this year, which allows your ski day to start when you start skiing, instead of having to adhere to a strict 9am-4pm or 6-10pm ski schedule. Massanutten, Bryce, and Wintergreen in Virginia have a similar Flex Ticket program, but App is the only North Carolina resort to offer this sort of flexibility. appskimtn.comScrew Mother Nature “Manmade snow is our product,” says Kim Jochl, marketing manager for Sugar Mountain. “And our product gets better every season, thanks to the evolution of snowmaking technology.”Sugar invested a quarter of a million in eight new state of the art guns for the 2012 season, which will mean deeper snow, faster and longer. All resorts make improvements to their snowmaking capacity each season, but Wintergreen took it to a new level by adding a new water tank that will double their snowmaking capacity this season. “This will help us open earlier in the season and get 100% of our slopes open sooner,” says Betsy Dunkerton, marketing for Wintergreen.There’s an App for That Wintergreen is introducing a mobile app this year featuring up-to-the-minute slope and conditions updates, special offers, trail map…wintergreenresort.com. Want something broader? On The Snow gives you surface conditions, weather, and general info for resorts all over the country. onthesnow.comCheapest Weekend Lift Ticket: $50At Canaan Resort, for a weekend day ticket during peak season. canaanresort.comGo Lumberjack Tree skiing has long been a rarity in the Southeast and Mid-Atlantic, but our legal gladed terrain is growing this season. North Carolina’s Cataloochee Resort is officially adding Wildcat Glades, a short tree run beside Short and Sweet that skiers have “poached” in previous seasons when there was enough natural snowfall. This season, the resort has cleared the brush from the trees and added snowmaking. cataloochee.com Snowshoe Mountain is also set to unveil some new gladed tree runs this winter. The resort opened Sawmill Glades (the first official gladed terrain on the mountain) a few years ago and skiers have been anxious for more trees ever since. The resort couldn’t be reached by press time, so details about the new tree run are scarce.Best Season Pass Perk: First Tracks, Wisp Resort Every Saturday from January to March, Wisp will open one of its chairs at 7:30am for season pass and multi-day ticket holders only. wispresort.comBy the NumbersYes, last season was rough, but there were some shining moments. Here are the highlights from the 2011-2012 ski season.Longest Ski Season, 2011-12110 days at Cataloochee, November 12 to March 18Most Snowfall, 2011-12110 inches, reported by Timberline ResortBiggest Single Dump 12 inches, Wisp, Jan. 3, 2012
Advertisers have known for a long time that sex sells. That’s why ads often include a scantily-clad woman standing next to the pickup truck for sale. It seems that in planetary science, life sells. An icy moon can be a pretty dull thing, but announce that there might be life there, and eye appeal jumps. The latest Sky and Telescope (June 2009) is a case in point. The feature story is about the moons of Saturn, but the cover accompanies a curvaceous picture of Enceladus with the eye-grabbing title in big, bold letters, “Does this WORLD Harbor LIFE?” It doesn’t appear that author Emily Lakdawalla, blogger for The Planetary Society, had life on her mind very much when describing Cassini’s findings at Enceladus, Rhea, Dione and Tethys in “Ice Worlds of the Ringed Planet.” Sure, she teased occasionally with the L-word, describing Enceladus as having “potential for liquid water and perhaps even life,” and thought it a possible target for a future mission “because of its potential habitability for life.” Well into the article, she elaborated on the possibility that catalytic chemistry could be occurring in a subsurface ocean under Enceladus: “there was probably liquid water, heat, organic chemicals, and active chemistry – the stuff of life,” she speculated. “As a possible abode for past and present life, Enceladus has catapulted from being moderately interesting to brief consideration as the prime target of NASA’s next flagship mission to the outer solar system.” That was the extent of her references to life in the 9-page article, but that is what Sky and Telescope chose to emphasize on the cover: “Saturn’s moon Enceladus has the stuff of life.” What did not receive emphasis, but is potentially more provocative, are findings Emily relayed about the age of Saturn’s moons. Noting that Voyager scientists found Enceladus to be wiped free of craters, she said, “It seemed ridiculous that a body as small as Enceladus – only 500 km across — could be geologically active today, and could provide the necessary input of particles to sustain the E ring.” When Cassini scientists found plumes emanating from the south pole ( 07/14/2005, 11/28/2005), jetting water vapor at “many hundreds of meters per second” (02/09/2008) into space along with ice particles, scientists had found the source for the E-ring and the fresh coat of white on the moon’s surface. What they also found was a serious age problem (03/01/2006, 12/03/2007, 06/19/2008): “If Enceladus has been venting at its current rate over the age of the solar system, it would have lost 20% of its mass,” Lakdawalla said. Then there’s Iapetus (07/17/2007). Scientists now believe the yin-yang appearance of the moon is due to thermal segregation (10/16/2007): “It’s a runaway process that rapidly blackens dusted regions in a matter of a few to a few tens of million years – just a blink of an eye in geologic terms” (05/05/2008). Taking an upper limit of 50 million years as “a few tens” shows how fast a blink that is. The entire process would have taken just one percent the assumed age of the solar system (4.5 billion years) – one yard on a timeline the length of a football field.What Emily didn’t mention is that a significant quantity of ice escapes Iapetus during each 30-year orbit. There should not be any left after billions of years: in fact, even with generous estimates of the original ice, scientists can only make it last for 1/3 of the solar system’s assumed age (05/05/2008). The article also mentioned the possibility of rings around Rhea (which shouldn’t exist, 03/10/2008), and the possible detection of plasma around Dione and Tethys, which also should not exist (04/18/2007, 06/16/2007). These are much more significant actual findings and should have been more newsworthy than tantalizing speculations about life under Enceladus. For a catalog of age problems throughout the solar system, see the “Resource of the Week” described below. To call water, nitrogen, ammonia, propane and acetylene “the stuff of life” is so lame, it’s downright comatose (see online book). One might as well say that protons and electrons are the stuff of life. If so, the sun has the stuff of life, too. Let’s see if Sky and Telescope will add this caption to its next cover story on the sun: “Does this star harbor sunbathers?” One can only hope that in the next issue’s letters to the editor, astute readers will give editor Robert Naeye a lecture for stooping to titillation to sell copy.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
4 February 2011The mobile habits of South African phone users evolved dramatically over the past year as smartphones, mobile applications, the mobile internet and mobile e-mail entered the mainstream, according to a new study by researchers World Wide Worx.The Mobility 2011 research project, conducted by World Wide Worx and backed by First National Bank, reveals that 39% of urban South Africans and 27% of rural users are now browsing the internet on their phones.The study excludes “deep rural” users, and represents around 20-million South Africans aged 16 and above. This means that at least 6-million South Africans now have internet access on their phones.Mxit leads, Facebook gaining groundThe big winner in terms of sites and services is Mxit, which enjoys the attention of 24% of cellphone users aged 16 and above (29% of urban, 19% of rural users). However, Facebook is catching up fast, reaching 22% of users, and in fact passing Mxit in the urban over-16 market, with 30% reach, versus 13% among rural users.Twitter will also become a key mobile tool, almost catching up to MXit in the coming year, from a low 6% of cellular users at the end of 2010. The proportion of urban Twitter mobile users is exactly double that of rural users: 8% against 4%.“Twitter is the big surprise of the study,” says Arthur Goldstuck, managing director of World Wide Worx. “But it is being pushed so hard by media personalities, its time had to come.”Mobile e-mail on the upThe most dramatic shift of all, however, is the arrival of e-mail in the rural user-base and its growth among urban users. There has been a substantial shift among the latter, with urban use rising from 10% in 2009 to 27% at the end of 2010.“While the percentage growth among rural users is lower, the fact that it was almost non-existent a year before means the 12% penetration reported for 2010 indicates mobile e-mail becoming a mainstream tool across the population,” said World Wide Worx.Preferred featuresWhile cameras, diaries and games continue to dominate the list of features used on phones, FM radio and music players have also come into their own.However, there is a significant difference in the features preferred by urban and rural phone users. Three-quarters of urban respondents (75%) use their phone cameras, but little more than half of rural respondents (55%). Music players on the phone get the vote of 53% of urban users, versus 36% of rural users.Surprisingly, the gap is reversed when it comes to games on the phone: 54% of urban users enjoy these, compared to 65% of rural users.The Mobility 2011 project comprises two reports, the Mobile Consumer in SA 2011 and the Mobile Internet in SA 2011. It is based on face-to-face interviews with a nationally representative sample of South Africans, conducted towards the end of 2010.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
Tags:#Facebook#privacy#web Facebook has changed the way it seeks permission to share users’ personal information with third-party apps and games, a move that could land the social network in a European court. A German consumer advocacy group is threatening to sue the social network unless it gives users a clear choice on whether they agree to share information.Why Privacy Advocates Are Angry What has provoked the Federation of German Consumer Organizations is Facebook’s decision to drop the “Allow” and “Don’t Allow” buttons used in choosing whether to share personal information with a game or app. Rather than offer the choice in a no-nonsense permissions page, Facebook now shows in the App Center a page with colorful images and a single button that reads, “Play Game.” Under the button is the list in gray font, which could make it seem less important than text in bolder type.Avi Charkham, co-founder of MyPermissions, lists five design elements on Facebook’s new page that he claims play down the fact that in choosing to play a game, people are giving up lots of information. To see exactly what’s being shared with the app developer, users have to roll over a question mark that then shows they are giving up their name, friends list, email, user ID, networks and “any other information you made public.”Getting such information to advertisers is the core of Facebook’s business model – which naturally leads to pressure to push the envelope on privacy. “Facebook will push the concept of consent to the breaking point,” said David Jacobs, consumer protection fellow at the Electronic Privacy Information Center.Has Facebook Crossed The U.S. Line?To the Federation of German Consumer Organizations, Facebook crossed the line with its latest site change. In the U.S., though, that line is blurry. Under a recent Federal Trade Commission order, Facebook is required to first obtain “affirmative, express consent” from a user before sharing information with a third party. In addition, the company has to “clearly and prominently disclose” the information shared.Facebook did not respond to a request for comment. Presumably, it believes that by agreeing to play a game, users are also agreeing to share personal data. Also, rolling over a question mark for details could technically satisfy the disclosure requirement. “Having the user click to use the app probably counts as affirmative consent,” Jacobs said. “But the App Center disclosures might not be clear and prominent.”Pressure On Privacy Won’t Stop Whether or not the recent changes meet U.S. or German requirements, it’s unlikely the company will stop looking for ways to mine the wealth of information it collects from provide. In a recent interview, Facebook engineer Andrew Bosworth, whose mission is to find ways to increase ad dollars from the company’s mobile app, said he is exploring ways to use a smartphone’s audio sensor to trigger relevant ads. For example, if you’re at a Bruce Springsteen concert, then you might be in the mood for buying the artist’s latest album.The site is also investigating the money-making possibilities of sending ads based on a user’s place and time. “Maybe you’re walking past somewhere we know you’ll like and it tells you there’s a deal you can get,” Bosworth told Technology Review, published by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “Ads don’t have to be a distraction.”Facebook’s Balancing Act Like other Internet companies, Facebook is fishing for profits in the ocean of user information it gathers. But Facebook is unique in that it has to balance selling the information people think they are sharing only with friends while also respecting their privacy. That’s a high-wire act that’s likely to require constant adjustments to avoid a disastrous fall. A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… Related Posts Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification antone gonsalves
Read Next “I hope people will understand the principle behind it. I’m fighting for the office of the Commissioner because nobody, no matter how powerful they are, should be able to frighten it, scare it, or threaten it,” he said in an emergency press conference Thursday at PBA Office in Libis.READ: PBA board opts not to renew Narvasa’s term as commissionerFEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutGovernors from seven teams, namely TNT, NLEX, Meralco, Alaska, Rain or Shine, Phoenix, and Blackwater, held a special board meeting earlier in the day and agreed to no longer renew the term of Narvasa, saying they have already lost confidence on his leadership over his controversial decisions during his two-year tenure, with the last straw being the approval of the controversial San Miguel-Kia trade involving top overall selection Christian Standhardinger.Meanwhile, Narvasa has the support of five teams — San Miguel, Ginebra, Star, GlobalPort, and Kia, with all five conjuring a statement saying that the move to take him out of his commissionership is unlawful based on PBA by-laws. Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 Standing his ground, the 55-year-old executive said that he has no qualms relinquishing his post but argued that grounds for his expulsion must be done the right way.READ: SMC group stands by Narvasa, questions move by ‘renegade’ PBA governors“I’m willing to resign. There’s no problem with that. But what I’m saying is that procedures have to be followed and the reasons have to be clear. They have to know what the loss of confidence is constituted, and what the procedure is. It could have been discussed within the Board. Why did they have to go through all of this exercise and cause public shame?” he said.“What is it that we’re fighting for? Why am I still here? It’s a matter of principle. I’ve always been a stickler for rules, and all we’re asking is we want to find out if were the proper issues followed? If they were, then they will also have no problem in not renewing or voting to end my term. They say that you serve at the pleasure of the board, and the only time we can take you out is if we have two-thirds of the vote. They say that I only have one year in my term. They should have done it in the proper forum, which is inside the boardroom. As long as they follow the procedures and the rules, we’re ok. We’re not fighting against them. We’re fighting for the principle that the rule has to be followed.”Narvasa then urged the Board to convene as one unit and come up with a solid decision with regard to his post, saying that he only wants the league rules to be observed.ADVERTISEMENT QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort LATEST STORIES View comments Chito Narvasa. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netAs of now, Chito Narvasa is still the commissioner of the PBA.The beleaguered executive said that he will fight for his post amid calls for his ouster from seven members of the Board of Governors.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ “Let’s be a league of rules, not of men,” he said. “If it’s for principle, then I must stay. I hope that the Board will be able to determine really what is the right procedure. They should come up with the right decision.”The embattled executive is also hoping to find a compromise before the 43rd season of the PBA opens on December 17.“I will not abandon the PBA. We have a long, long time before the opening, so we will see how everything will work out. I’m hoping and praying that you will understand. I’m willing to sacrifice for the PBA as long as all these things are in place,” he said. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding 2 Rings! Astros’ Carlos Correa makes post-title proposal US Defense chief says alliance with Philippines remains strong PLAY LIST 02:57US Defense chief says alliance with Philippines remains strong00:50Trending Articles02:50Philippines reaffirms commitment to United Nations01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Don’t miss out on the latest news and information.
Touch Football Australia (TFA) is proud to affirm its commitment to ending racism on the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. TFA has joined forces with some of Australia’s leading businesses, sporting bodies and NGO’s to support the “Racism. It stops with me” campaign, which is being led by the Australian Human Rights Commission. The campaign emphasises the importance of taking a stand against racism whenever it happens.One in seven Australians said they had experienced discrimination because of their colour or background in 2011, a figure that has been increasing steadily in recent years.TFA Chief Executive Officer, Colm Maguire, says TFA is full of support for the cause. “As a sport we are proud of our inclusive approach to participation. Diversity is one of our core values and we embrace all people that choose to play the sport of Touch Football.”Looking at our demographics at all levels, it is very clear that we are a leader in this area.”The International Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1966, to coincide with the date in 1960 when police killed 69 people in Sharpeville, South Africa at a peaceful protest against apartheid laws. The theme for the International Day in 2013 is “Racism and Sport”.For more information about the ‘Racism: It Stops with Me’ campaign, or to find a range of anti-racism resources, go to: http://itstopswithme.humanrights.gov.au/ Or follow the campaign on Twitter @ItStopsWithMe. Related LinksRacism. It Stops With Me
No college football program does social media better than Clemson, and they’ve had a lot of fun with the ongoing construction of the Tigers’ new football practice facility, even though it isn’t expected to be complete until 2017. A few weeks ago, Dabo Swinney checked in on the progress Undercover Boss style. Now, defensive coordinator Brent Venables had his turn, starring in a very funny clip where he coaches up some of the guys working on the project.Coach Venables is ready to use the new Football Ops Facility……maybe a little too ready. #Clemsonhttps://t.co/n9Fo1BjYFx— Clemson Football (@ClemsonFB) May 31, 2016We wouldn’t want to be a player at the opposite end of the stare at the 30 second mark.
YouTube/MSUSpartanVideoMichigan State is the defending Big Ten champion, and while Michigan and Ohio State have been getting most of the attention in the league as we near the season, the Spartans appear pretty pumped for the year to kick off.On Thursday, a group of Michigan State players created a locker room dance video, and with help from the program’s video team, it is incredibly well-produced. The video is set to Future’s hit “Wicked” from his 2016 mixtape Purple Reign.Michigan State opens its season with FCS squad Furman, but things heat up pretty quickly from there. The Spartans have a week two bye, and then head to South Bend to play a very strong Notre Dame team, and follow that game up with Wisconsin at home. At +825, the Spartans are tied for the third best odds to win a Big Ten title this year with Iowa, but are fairly well behind Ohio State (+168) and Michigan (+233). If they repeat, they certainly will have earned it.
Story Highlights Minister of Finance and the Public Service, Dr. the Hon. Nigel Clarke, said the programme will comprise three modalities – the provision of indigent housing; relocation of vulnerable communities; and the upgrading of Tenements/‘Big Yards’. “This represents protection of the vulnerable in action,” Dr. Clarke said, as he opened the 2019/20 Budget Debate in the House of Representatives today (March 7). The Government has allocated $1 billion to the Ministry of Economic Growth and Job Creation to support the implementation of an islandwide social housing programme across all 63 constituencies. The Government has allocated $1 billion to the Ministry of Economic Growth and Job Creation to support the implementation of an islandwide social housing programme across all 63 constituencies.Minister of Finance and the Public Service, Dr. the Hon. Nigel Clarke, said the programme will comprise three modalities – the provision of indigent housing; relocation of vulnerable communities; and the upgrading of Tenements/‘Big Yards’.“This represents protection of the vulnerable in action,” Dr. Clarke said, as he opened the 2019/20 Budget Debate in the House of Representatives today (March 7).He also informed that the Government is increasing its allocation to the Jamaica Integrated Community Development Project by 41 per cent or $627 million in 2019/20, and will spend a total of $2 billion on this project this year.“This project contributes towards increased community safety and violence prevention in 17 economically vulnerable and socially volatile communities and enhances access to basic urban infrastructure and services, including sanitation, water and electricity as well as youth development programmes,” Dr. Clarke said.In addition, the Government is increasing its allocation to the Poverty Reduction Programme by 174 per cent or from $349 million to $558 million in financial year 2019/2020.This project is the fourth phase of a programme supporting poverty reduction in Jamaica through grant funding from the European Union, the largest provider of grants to Jamaica.