Relativistic electron acceleration and precipitation during resonant interactions with whistler-mode chorus

first_imgResonant interactions with whistler-mode chorus waves provide an important process for electron loss and acceleration during storm times. We demonstrate that wave propagation significantly affects the electron scattering rates. We show that stormtime chorus waves outside the plasmapause can scatter equatorial electrons ≤60 keV into the loss cone and accelerate trapped electrons up to ∼ MeV energies at large pitch-angles. Using ray tracing to map the waves to higher latitudes, we show that the decrease in the ratio between the electron plasma and gyro frequencies, along with the normalized chorus frequency bandwidth, enable much higher energy electrons ∼1 MeV to be scattered into the loss cone. We suggest that off equatorial pitch-angle scattering by chorus waves is responsible for relativistic micro-burst precipitation seen on SAMPEX. Off-equatorial scattering at pitch-angles well away from the loss cone also contributes to the acceleration of higher energy ≥3 MeV electrons.last_img read more

Tale of the tape as video ref stars at Confederations Cup

first_imgChile striker Vargas missed a whole host of chances in his side’s victory over Cameroon, but became the first player to ever have goals disallowed and awarded by a video official in the same match.The former Napoli man had an eventful day to say the least, as he struck the post in the first minute, saw a shot saved and blazed an excellent chance over before he eventually found the net in first-half stoppage-time.Over a minute had passed since Vargas’ exuberant celebrations when the on-field referee signalled the goal had been chalked off.Initial replays appeared to show the forward level with the last defender, only for the technology that draws a line across the pitch to reveal half of his head was in an offside position.Confusion reigned in the stadium while Vargas and teammate Arturo Vidal frantically pointed at the replays on the big screen to try and prove their point as the players walked off for the interval.The Copa America champions were by far the better side over the course of the encounter, and deservedly broke the deadlock through Vidal’s excellent 81st-minute header.Alexis Sanchez, brought on as a second-half substitute after picking up an ankle injury in training, ran clean through on goal late on with a national record 38th Chile goal for the taking.His shot was blocked, but with the Cameroon goalkeeper Fabrice Ondoa stranded, Vargas tapped in.The 27-year-old was flabbergasted to see the linesman’s flag raised, but video replays showed that Sanchez was onside in the build-up and Vargas’ 34th international goal was given.The 2018 World Cup warm-up event continues on Monday, as Germany face Australia in the last of the opening round of fixtures.Share on: WhatsApp Moscow, Russia | AFP |  The video assistant referees were called upon for several key decisions at the Confederations Cup in Russia on Sunday, as Portugal were held 2-2 by Mexico and Chile beat Cameroon 2-0.The first senior global tournament to have video technology for decisions other than goalline calls saw it come into focus on the second day of action.“There are immediate feelings that have to do with the emotional part that surrounds football and to reverse that will take some time and get used to it,” was Chile coach Juan Antonio Pizzi’s view on the VAR system.A dramatic Group A game in Kazan that saw Hector Moreno head in an injury-time winner for Mexico also featured a goal by Nani disallowed for offside on review.Chile left it late to edge out a dogged Cameroon in an opening Group B clash that saw striker Eduardo Vargas have goals both ruled out and given by the video assistant.Portugal captain Cristiano Ronaldo went into the day’s first match with plenty of attention on his future, after reports that he wanted to leave Real Madrid after being charged with tax fraud.The forward teed up Ricardo Quaresma to put the European champions ahead, but Javier Hernandez levelled on the stroke of half-time.Before that though Fernando Santos’ Portugal had been denied the opener after Nani converted from a rebound when Ronaldo’s volley had rattled the crossbar.But the referee consulted with the video official, who noticed that four Portuguese players had been offside in the passage of play before Ronaldo’s shot.Southampton full-back Cedric Soares restored the Portugal advantage with four minutes left when his drilled effort looped in off Moreno.But the Mexican defender climbed highest to power home a header from a corner in added time and snatch a point.– Vargas sees both sides of video ref –last_img read more

Bruh moment of 12th November 2019: Cristiano Ronaldo uses the choicest of words to…

first_imgImage Courtesy: Diario AS/GettyAdvertisement n3NBA Finals | Brooklyn Vscu08Wingsuit rodeo📽Sindre Eu( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) 6rtt6hWould you ever consider trying this?😱m6lydCan your students do this? 🌚37yRoller skating! Powered by Firework Cristiano Ronaldo is having a great time with Maurizio Sarri. The Italian manager, before arriving from Stamford Bridge in June, promised that he wants to help club talisman Cristiano Ronaldo to reach new heights. However, the latest interaction between the two suggests that Ronaldo is not really fond of early substitution.Advertisement Image Courtesy: Diario AS/GettyThe Bianconeri took on their historical rivals AC Milan in yesterday’s derby at the Allianz Stadium, and secured a clean 1-0 victory. The 77th minute decider came fromo Paulo Dybala, who was subbed in for Ronaldo in the 55th minute. As captured in the cameras, the Portuguese attacker was seemingly furious leaving the field, and cussed at Sarri, possibly calling him a ‘Son of a W**re’.Check out this clip below, courtesy of Alessandro Allara, and try to make out what Ronaldo might have uttered-Advertisement Media outlets such as The Daily Mail and Gazzetta Dello Sport are speculating on the exact words that came out of the 34 year old’s mouth, who also left the stadium before the final whistle. Although, reports suggest the 5 times Ballon d’Or winner will be asked to make an apology, but spared from any monetary compensation.However, Sarri seems to be totally oblivious about it. Speaking in the post match interview, the 60 year old spoke in all favour for the player.“Disrespectful to his teammates? Like I said, I don’t know. If it’s true that he left before the end it is a problem to be resolved with his teammates.” he told the reporters.“I have no problem with Cristiano, he should be thanked because he made himself available despite not being in the best condition. In the last month he has had discomfort in his knee and this is a little problem for him.” the gaffer added.Stout at the top of the table with 32 points, the Old Lady will face Atalanta at the Atleti Azzurri d’Italia on 23rd November. Advertisementlast_img read more

$4 Million Longines Breeders’ Cup Turf (G1), $2 Million Breeders’ Cup Mile (G1), $2 Million Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Turf (G1) – NOTES TUES. NOV. 1, 2016

first_img$4 MILLION LONGINES BREEDERS’ CUP TURF OVERSEAS HORSES Kitcat – The mare went to the training track with a pony at 6 a.m. and galloped two laps comfortably with exercise rider Cristian Marin as she moved a day closer to Saturday’s Filly & Mare Turf.Sea Calisi – Martin Schwartz’s 4yo daughter of Youmazin spent much of Tuesday in transit from Belmont Park on Long Island to Santa Anita. She was part of the group of four horses trained by Chad Brown that left the barn at 5:30 a.m. ET.The French-bred is a graded stakes winner in Europe and North America. She drew post one in the Filly & Mare Turf and will be ridden by Florent Geroux.Sentiero Italia – Godolphin Racing’s homebred has had a light campaign leading up to a second appearance in the Filly and Mare Turf. She has raced just three times since finishing fourth in last year’s Queen Elizabeth II Challenge Cup at Keeneland.Trainer Kiaran McLaughlin watched the the Medaglia d’Oro filly gallop 1 1/4 miles under exercise rider Rob Massey Tuesday morning. McLaughlin said she will school in the gate this week. Zipessa – Empyrean Stables’ Zipessa, who exits a second as the favorite in the Rodeo Drive over the Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Turf course and distance, left Barn 38 mid-morning for trainer Mike Stidham and proceeded to gallop 1 1/2 miles over the Santa Anita main track.Third two races back in the Beverly D. at Arlington, the graded stakes-winning filly finished up her preparations Oct. 29 with a 5f turf breeze in 1:02 3/5 at Keeneland. Assigned 20-1 morning-line odds, Zipessa reunites with Joe Bravo, who was aboard in the Beverly D. and will break from post six in the 13-horse Filly & Mare Turf. The Aidan O’Brien-trained consignment of 12 Breeders’ Cup runners arrived at the Santa Anita quarantine barn at 8:20 Monday night, and all were reported to have taken the flight well. These horses should clear quarantine Wednesday afternoon, and are expected be seen out on the track Thursday morning.The rest of the European Breeders’ Cup runners cleared quarantine Monday afternoon and all stretched their legs out on the Santa Anita track Tuesday morning.The Sir Michael Stoute-trained Ulysses (Breeders’ Cup Turf), with work rider Kevin Richardson in the saddle, led stable companion Queen’s Trust (Filly & Mare Turf) out on to the turf track shortly after 7:30. They were followed out, by the Charlie Hills trained Dutch Connection, and Limato (Henry Candy), who will both line up in Saturday’s Breeders’ Cup Mile, and were accompanied by the Hugo Palmer-trained Home of The Brave who contests the Turf Sprint.All the horses started off with by walking and trotting before doing a steady canter down the home stretch. Afterward Hugo Palmer said, “This morning couldn’t have gone better, and I’m very pleased with my horse. I think the Sprint is the better option for him rather that the Mile. If he runs to his best, then I think he can be in the mix, but his best in the Mile might still not be good enough.”The Japanese Filly & Mare Turf contender Nuovo Record also joined the European horses on the turf having completed a circuit of the training track. The daughter of Heart’s Cry also did a steady canter around half a circuit of the track.Whilst the horses that had been out on the turf track were returning to the barn via the paddock the Joseph O’Brien-trained Intricately (Juvenile Fillies Turf) was getting ready to go out on to the main track with the trainer’s younger brother Donnacha O’Brien in the saddle.Despite having a pony alongside with Joseph O’Brien in the saddle, the daughter of Fastnet Rock was at first reluctant to go out on to the track, but soon got going after being led out by the trainer’s mother, Anne-Marie O’Brien.She walked and then cantered for a circuit and a half to get used to her new surrounding and then returned to the barn. “She got a little anxious waiting at the gap, but she was fine after that,” Anne Marie said.Joseph O’Brien who is having his first Breeders’ Cup runner as a trainer reported the filly to be in good shape and when asked by reporters if he missed being a jockey he replied, “The last few months I was riding became quite hard weight-wise. I don’t really miss it (the riding) and I love training now.”Following Intricately out on to the main track were the two French horses, the Francis-Henri Graffard trained Karar, and Christophe Ferland’s Cavale Doree, along with the German raider Spectre.Spectre was also slightly reluctant to go out on to the track and was also led out on to the dirt. The three all stretched their legs with routine canters on the main track.Ferland and Cavale Doree will have the assistance of U.S.-based French jockey Flavien Prat in the Juvenile Fillies Turf. The Ferland/Prat combo tasted success at the highest level back in 2013 when winning the Prix Marcel Boussac on Arc Sunday at Longchamp with the 2yo filly Indonesienne.Karar (Turf Sprint) especially pleased the traveling head-lad Anthony David who reported the son of Invincible Spirit to be in “great shape”.Mondialiste, with Fergal Davis in the saddle also went out on to the dirt track with stable companion Suedois (Turf Sprint). Both horses appeared in good shape after their eleven-hour flight, with Arlington Million winner Mondialiste especially was on his toes. They both did steady canters around a circuit of the track.The Simon Crisford-trained Rodaini (Juvenile Turf) was the final European horse to go out, having no more than a gentle canter before returning to the barn.             Al’s Gal – The E.P. Taylor winner arrived Monday with her stablemate Da Big Hoss and jogged for the first time Tuesday. Trainer Mike Maker was to arrive Tuesday afternoon.center_img Avenge – The 4yo War Front filly walked today following a swift 5f breeze on Monday.Her jockey Flavien Prat expressed happiness with her post position. “I got a great post. Four is perfect. Not too inside or too outside, I got a choice, so is perfect.”Catch a Glimpse – Gary Barber, Michael James Ambler and Windways Farm’s Catch a Glimpse will attempt to earn her second Breeders’ Cup trophy when she takes on older fillies and mares for the first time in the Filly & Mare Turf on Saturday. A winner of last year’s Juvenile Fillies Turf, the daughter of City Zip has earned more than $1.1 million in 2016, including a victory in the Belmont Oaks at this 10-furlong trip. In an uncharacteristic effort, the Mark Casse trainee was seventh of eight last out in the Queen Elizabeth II Challenge Cup at Keeneland on Oct. 15.“We felt like the last race was so bad it couldn’t be true,” Casse said. “She had trained so well beforehand and looked great going in, so we really didn’t have any excuse. Had she been beaten a length or two I would have thought maybe she just wasn’t good enough, but we know she’s much better than that.“The other thing is that we had the ‘Win and You’re In’ — though we have passed on those before, including Noble Bird and Pretty City Dancer and those paid off — and after a conversation with the owner we thought we would see how she trains and make a decision,” Casse continued. “She’s trained well and as good as she’s ever trained, so our feeling is also that she’ll really like this turf course and she’s also going to get a few months off – win, lose or draw. So we thought we would give it a shot, though we know it’s a tall task. If she brings her ‘A’ game, she’ll be tough.”In her career thus far, Catch a Glimpse is eight for 11, with stakes victories at six tracks. Usually on the lead, she drew favorably in post two of 13 fillies and mares, while assigned 12-1 odds. Javier Castellano picks up the mount, as regular rider Florent Geroux opted to ride Sea Calisi.“There’s a fair amount of speed in the race, but that’s speed going a mile and a quarter. She has mile speed and I think she is the speed of the speed. Our plan is to be that speed. We’re going to get up and go.”Lady Eli – Sheep Pond Partners’ once-beaten filly was shipped from Belmont Park to Santa Anita Park on Tuesday. She was part of a group of four horses trained by Chad Brown that left the barn at 5:30 a.m. ET for the journey California.Two years ago at Santa Anita, Lady Eli won the Juvenile Fillies Turf, the third of six wins to start her career. She missed more than a year while dealing with a case of the life-threatening disease laminitis and did not return to competition until Aug. 27 at Saratoga. She was beaten in her comeback race, the Ballston Spa, but captured the Flower Bowl on Oct. 8 at Belmont Park.Even though she has been limited to two starts this year, Lady Eli is the 5-2 morning-line favorite. She will be ridden by Irad Ortiz Jr., who has been up for all eight of her career starts. Ashleyluvssugar – The Peter Eurton trainee Ashleyluvssugar went to the main track at 5 a.m. and galloped 1 1/2 mile under exercise rider Eddie Inda.Da Big Hoss – After shipping in Monday from the Kentucky base of trainer Mike Maker, Skychai Racing’s Breeders’ Cup Turf contender Da Big Hoss left Barn 56 mid-morning and jogged a lap over Santa Anita’s main track under the watchful eye of assistant Laz Guerra. Trainer Mike Maker is scheduled to arrive Tuesday afternoon.Ectot – Al Shaqab Racing and Gerard Normand’s Ectot arrived from New York Tuesday along with several other Todd Pletcher-trained Breeders’ Cup entrants.The 5yo son of Hurricane Run joined the Pletcher stable this year after earning Group 1 credentials in Europe. He earned Grade 1 credentials in the U.S. with a five-length victory in the Joe Hirsch Turf Classic at Belmont Oct. 1.“It was his third start off an extended layoff. In his second start we went in a three-turn race and he got maybe just a tick tired. I think we learned a couple things about him, equipment-wise and shoeing-wise. We tweaked for the third start,” Pletcher said. “He really liked the Belmont turf course that day. (Jockey) Jose (Ortiz) did a nice job of getting him to settle and ration his fractions. He delivered a powerful performance.”Flintshire – Juddmonte Farms’ 6yo homebred Flintshire was shipped from Belmont Park to Santa Anita on Tuesday. He and Chad Brown stablemate Money Multiplier left the barn at 5:30 a.m. ET to begin the cross-country journey.During his distinguished international career that has taken him from Europe to Asia, Dubai and North America, he has earned $8.9 million and is the 5-2 morning-line favorite in the Turf. Two years ago at Santa Anita, he was the runner-up to Main Sequence in the 2014 Turf.Metaboss – Metaboss galloped over the turf course after drawing the outside No. 13 post with morning line odds of 30-1. “I wasn’t too pleased about the draw. We’re stuck out there in the outfield,” trainer Phil D’Amato said.  “Rafael (Bejarano) is going to have to find a spot for him to tuck in down the hill, get him relaxed and do what he does best, make a late run.”Money Multiplier – Klaravich Stables and William Lawrence’s 4yo ridgling Money Multiplier was shipped from Belmont Park to Santa Anita on Tuesday. He and Chad Brown stablemate Flintshire left the barn at 5:30 a.m. ET to begin the cross-country journey.The son of Lookin At Lucky has yet to win a graded stake in his 14-race career, but he was second in three G1 races this year. He drew post nine in the field of 13 and is 20-1 on the morning line. Hall of Famer John Velazquez will ride.$2 MILLION BREEDERS’ CUP MILE Midnight Storm – Multiple graded-stakes winner Midnight Storm walked the barn area after breezing 4f on Monday. Midnight Storm drew the No. 13 post in a field of 14 with morning line odds of 12-1. “A little further out than I’d like,” trainer Phil D’Amato said. “The one good thing is that we’re definitely well outside the speed. I like where the other main speed (What a View) drew on the rail.Miss Temple City, Ring Weekend – Sagamore Farm and Allen Rosenblum’s Miss Temple City was en route to Santa Anita Tuesday. Trainer Graham Motion is scheduled to be on hand at Barn 86 Wednesday morning.St. Elias Stable and West Point Thoroughbreds’ Ring Weekend galloped 1 1/2m under assistant trainer Alice Clapham Tuesday morning at Santa Anita.Photo Call – Teresa Viola Racing Stables’ Photo Call arrived at Santa Anita Tuesday for a start in the Mile. The Todd Pletcher-trained 5yo, who defeated defending Mile champion Tepin in the First Lady at Keeneland Oct. 8, had been pre-entered in the Filly & Mare Turf, as well as the Mile.“Ultimately, it was the mile (distance). It was her best performance in her last race going a mile. The time stacked up very favorably to the Shadwell (Turf Mile),” Pletcher said. “Fillies have had a lot of success traditionally in this race. It was her lifetime-best performance going a mile, beating a horse as accomplished at Tepin. It was, ‘Don’t try to overthink it.’”Tepin – Defending Breeders’ Cup Mile champion Tepin saw the Santa Anita track for the first time since arriving Monday morning. The Mark Casse-trained 5yo daughter of Bernstein went out in company with stablemate Victory to Victory, who runs in the Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies Turf, at 5:30 a.m. and jogged a mile. Owned by Robert Masterson, she will be ridden by regular pilot Julien Leparoux from post eight in the 14-horse Mile and is the 3-1 morning-line favorite.“She loves going different places and travels better than the rest of us,” Casse said. “She has a great post. It looks like there’s a fair amount of speed in there, so that’s good. Tepin is very versatile and her last race we would have obviously liked to have won, but once we won at Royal Ascot, this was our main objective.”Tourist – WinStar Farm, Wachtel Stable and Gary Barber’s Breeders’ Cup Mile contender Tourist continues to impress in the mornings. The Bill Mott-trained 5-yo son of two-time Breeders’ Cup Classic winner Tiznow left Barn 59 under assistant trainer Rodolphe Brisset and galloped an easy lap around the Santa Anita main course. Assigned morning-line odds of 15-1, Tourist drew post five of 14 horses and will be ridden by Joel Rosario.“He drew well,” Mott said. “I doubt he would be on the lead, but he can if no one wanted it.”Saturday’s Mile will be Tourist’s third consecutive attempt in the race. He finished 13th with a troubled trip at Santa Anita in 2014 and steadied before finishing eighth at Keeneland in 2015. A versatile sort, he has won stakes events from on the lead, stalking and closing.$2 MILLION BREEDERS’ CUP FILLY & MARE TURF Ironicus – Stuart Janney III’s Ironicus was scheduled to arrive from New York Tuesday for a start in the Mile for trainer Shug McGaughey.last_img read more

Decision to allow farmed fishing in Lough Swilly challenged in High Court

first_imgA group representing oyster fishermen in Donegal has brought a High Court challenge forward following a decision to allow farmed fishing of foreign oysters in Lough Swilly.The news comes following the sanction of licenses by the Minister for Agriculture that allows the farmed fishing of a species in Lough Swilly known as Pacific Oysters.The action has been brought by the Co Donegal based Lough Swilly Wild Oyster Society Ltd (LSWOS) whose members have been engaged in the fishing of native oysters in Lough Swilly for over 25 years. It fears the lack of proper controls over the farming of oysters in the Lough is an “environmental disaster”.LSWOS claims the farming of these foreign oysters is eroding the natural occurring fishing grounds and are having a detrimental effect on their ability to fish for native species.The aquaculture and foreshores licences at the centre of the actions were granted to Mr Alan O’Sullivan and the Lough Swilly Shellfish Growers Co-Operative Society Ltd.LSWOS says it makes no criticism to make of the proposed licences and says that in principle it has no objections to the granting of properly regulated licences to farm oysters in Lough Swilly.The groups representative, Peter Finlay SC, told the court his clients claim the decisions to award the licences are flawed and should be set aside, on various grounds including the appeals board refusal to grant his client an oral hearing after LSWOS lodged its appeal against the Minister’s decision in 2017 to grant the licences.Counsel said there was a lack of fairness in the manner in the process which the appeals board adopted when considering his client’s appeal. Advertisement In judicial review proceedings, the LSWOS seeks various orders and declarations including an order quashing the decisions of the Minister for Agriculture, Food and Marine, as well as the decision by the Aquaculture Licence Appeals Board confirming the Minister’s decision.They also seek a declaration that the decision to grant the licences is in breach of natural and constitutional justice, damages and for a stay to be put on the licences.Permission to bring the challenge was granted on an ex parte basis, by Mr Justice Seamus Noonan.It will come back to court in July. Decision to allow farmed fishing in Lough Swilly challenged in High Court  was last modified: May 19th, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Former Sharks prospect getting shot with Senators: “He’s learning fast”

first_imgSAN JOSE — Rudolfs Balcers walked into SAP Center on Friday afternoon — like he has so many times before — and made his way to the hallway that houses the dressing rooms for both visiting NHL teams and the San Jose Barracuda, the Sharks’ AHL affiliate.If he was still a member of the Sharks’ organization, Balcers may have been walking the few extra steps it takes to get to the Barracuda’s room for its game that night. Instead, he’s getting his chance to play at the NHL level with the rebuilding …last_img read more

Even the biggest football game depends on agriculture

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest For those of us in agriculture, it is easy to see all of the ways that farmers, and what they produce, make our lives a bit easier to live. From the jeans we wear to the food we eat, there are an unlimited amount of products we use everyday that are taken for granted.Heck, even the Big Game on Sunday wouldn’t be the same if not for agriculture. I’m not talking about the nachos and cheese or hot dogs served up at the game’s concession stand, or even the “pigskin” that is actually made of cowhide (right here in Ohio by the way). I am referring to the beautiful, lush natural-grass field that will take more hits than any one player will on Sunday night.According to an ESPN The Magazine, on a remote piece of farmland east of San Francisco, sometime in the fall, a buyer arrives to inspect the product. The farmers have tended to it for months, keeping it warm under grow blankets and dry under tarps — its very existence under wraps. The farmers have leverage; few places grow product of this quality. The buyer has leverage; he can hold out for the best.The buyer takes the product in his hands. He rubs it with his fingers. He inhales deeply, taking in the aroma. He pinches off a bit and tastes it, to judge the quality and texture.Around the first of December, the phone rings at the farm. The buyer is on the line. The deal is made. The discussion turns to delivery — to Levi’s Stadium.You’ve probably never thought about the turf at the Super Bowl, which means the people who grow and tend to the turf at the Super Bowl have done their jobs. Turf is big business, and the stakes are high.Read the full article herelast_img read more

Dicamba Battle Lines Drawn

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Emily UnglesbeeDTN Staff ReporterARLINGTON, Va. (DTN) — At a state pesticide regulatory meeting this week, some state officials threatened to stop reporting their dicamba damage incidents to the EPA during the 2019 growing season, after their past reporting efforts did not bring about substantial changes to agency’s dicamba registrations.“They felt like they provided a lot of information [in 2018], and it took a lot of their staff time to generate that information, but they don’t feel that was reflected in any of the dicamba label statements, so states are kind of questioning whether that was a good use of their time,” explained Rose Kachadoorian, president of the Association of American Pesticide Control Officials (AAPCO), who led the meeting of the organization’s State FIFRA Research and Evaluation Group (SFIREG) in Arlington, Virginia, on June 3-4.Last year, state officials participated in weekly phone calls with the EPA and submitted an array of data on dicamba injury reports. This year, EPA is proposing that state regulators continue to collect injury data throughout the growing season and then use it to answer a single, end-of-the-season survey for the federal agency to review.Brian Verhougstraete, a Michigan pesticide regulator, represented the EPA Region 5 states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin at the meeting. He said several of those states may not cooperate with the proposed survey at all, based on their experience of reporting injury data in 2018.“To be quite blunt: What did we get out of it?” he said. “The way most states saw it is we got more…labels with vague and unenforceable terms, and we also now have a bunch of extra work on our certification programs. There will be some serious thoughts by states on whether they will participate — and they may not even have the time, because they’ll be too busy with [dicamba] investigations.”While dropping these communication efforts might save time for states, it will also leave EPA with fewer independent sources of information on off-target dicamba injury. In the past, the agency has relied primarily on Extension scientists, state regulators and dicamba registrants to supply information on injury reports and causes.Several state pesticide regulators also objected to the questions EPA is asking on a draft version of the 2019 end-of-the-season survey on dicamba injury. Many of the proposed questions are aimed at helping EPA write better labels, but none address the extensive time and resources required to address dicamba injury in some states, Kachadoorian told DTN. Nor do any of the questions evaluate the potential human health impacts of state pesticide regulators neglecting their routine inspections to focus solely on a barrage of dicamba complaints, she said.“There is a price tag to this registration, and that price tag is not being borne by the pesticide registrants or the EPA, but by the state’s budgets,” she said. “It is a possibility” that some states will not respond at all to the agency’s survey this year if EPA continues to ignore these issues, she added.“But we hope that if [EPA] adds more questions that will actually benefit states by documenting their efforts and the cost to their state, that they’ll be more apt to do it,” she said.2019 DICAMBA APPLICATIONS LOOM OVER DISTRESSED STATE AGENCIESWith only 39% of soybeans planted in the U.S. as of June 3, dicamba applications have been minimal in most states, but some regulators are already a year or more behind any future injury complaints, noted Tim Creger, a Nebraska pesticide regulator who represented the EPA Region 7 states of Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska at the meeting.The Missouri Department of Agriculture, which is still processing dicamba injury complaints from 2016, only recently started processing 2017 cases, and has not touched their 2018 workload of 220 complaints yet, Creger noted in his written notes submitted to the meeting. Regulators in Kansas and Iowa are only halfway through processing their 2018 dicamba injury complaints, he added.“One of the primary take-home messages we’ve seen in the last two years on dicamba is it’s become extremely difficult to keep field staff employed when they get burned out on dicamba investigations,” Creger told the meeting participants. “We had one state that lost nine inspectors in the last 18 months because of dicamba, and now they’ve had to almost fully restock their entire field staff,” he said of the Missouri Department of Agriculture.Creger said many of the Region 7 states are using a “triage” mindset when it comes to addressing dicamba injury complaints in 2019. The Nebraska Department of Agriculture will now require photographic evidence of 20% leaf damage or greater after the V4 growth stage before regulators respond to most crop injury reports, he said. Non-crop injury reports will be handled on a case-by-case basis.“You would like to think everyone is treated equally, but resources are limited,” he said. “People don’t get treated equally, and it’s become a very difficult, untenable situation for us.”Verhougstraete also said some Region 5 state officials witnessed companies mismanaging the dicamba training sessions that were required for applicators to use dicamba this year. Some were described as “sales pitches,” or only lasted 30 minutes instead of the advertised two hours, with people openly wandering in and out of the sessions.“Is that not fair when states are being held to a higher standard when it comes to ensuring applicators are getting certification training?” he asked EPA representatives in attendance. “Shouldn’t the registrants be held to the same standard?”See more on the meeting from AAPCO here:…Emily Unglesbee can be reached at [email protected] her on Twitter @Emily_Unglesbee(PS/BAS)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.last_img read more