Lecturer revisits controversial FDR decision

first_imgLisa Phillips, associate professor of history at Indiana State University, gave a historical account of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s wartime takeover of retail store Montgomery Ward, as part of the Higgins Lunchtime Labor Research, Advocacy & Policy series in the Notre Dame Room of LaFortune Student Center on Friday.Many of FDR’s New Deal initiatives curbed the power of corporations, which Phillips said partially led to the stock market crash of the 1920’s. This check against big business created tension between corporations and government, especially after World War II.Leading an anti-regulatory effort against FDR’s policies was Sewell Avery, then chairman of Montgomery Ward, Phillips said.“What we’ll see after the war is a huge pro-business attack on New Deal regulation,” she said. “I think Sewell Avery represents the first line of that pro-business crusade against this New Deal regulation.”Avery’s refusal to acknowledge union representation for thousands of Montgomery Ward’s employees drew the ire of FDR, who Phillips said had supported union growth throughout his presidency.“What Sewell Avery was protesting here was not only abiding by the War Labor Board’s recommendations, but he also simply didn’t want to recognize the union representing Montgomery Ward’s employees,” she said. “He was refusing the union’s existence at all.”Avery’s resistance to employee unionization and his further refusal to cooperate with FDR’s administration led to his forceful removal from Montgomery Ward, Phillips said.“FDR’s logic here is that we need to have stability in the industry, and whoever is causing the instability … [must be removed],” she said. “In this case, FDR orders the U.S. Army to remove Sewell Avery physically and take over the operations of Montgomery Ward.”Phillips said FDR had enough presidential influence and there was enough disapproval of big business to justify such extreme measures.“The reason that FDR decides to do this is because it’s war time,” she said. “FDR had enough power, and there was enough public outcry to generate this regulatory machinery.”FDR’s decision to exert presidential power through Sewell Avery’s removal from office demonstrated his fear of business interference with regulatory policies, Phillips said.“[FDR] feels that if Avery defies what the National War Labor Board’s recommendations are, then every other business owner will become emboldened as well,” she said.Despite the president’s strong message, Phillips said business owners nevertheless began to express their dissatisfaction.“They can’t run the business in a way they see fit,” she said. “They have to adhere to what the union says, and they have to agree to what the government is telling them to do in terms of regulating the conditions of wages and work.”Phillips said businessmen challenged FDR’s New Deal policies by launching public campaigns and lobbying efforts.“Part of what the business community was doing was to convince the American public that business was the epitome of American democracy in that it needed to spread worldwide,” she said. “[The business community] literally took on an ad campaign through advertising to convey this particular message.“Campaign finance reform, taxes, tax structure, all of these things, I think, were bolstered through these networks of businessmen.”Tags: FDR, Higgins Lunchtime Labor RAPS, Montgomery Ward, New Deal, Sewell Averylast_img read more

Gold Coast trophy home sells days after hitting the market

first_imgThe perfect spot to watch the world go by.The master bedroom upstairs has a balcony and is separated from the other bedrooms by a second living area and study.Mr Dowker was confident it would have generated a lot of interest if it was on the market longer.“It would have definitely got strong interest,” he said.Property records show Mr Dowker sold the property to Shelley Fowke in February last year for $3.53 million.He said the market was strong in the Coast’s southern suburbs with several million-dollar sales settling over the past few weeks. The Palm Beach property sold after only five days on the market.A BEACHFRONT trophy home has been snapped up for a multimillion-dollar price after five days on the market.The Palm Beach property on Jefferson Lane was due to go under the hammer this weekend but it went under contract last week.Marketing agent Troy Dowker, of Ray White Mermaid Beach, said it sold to a local buyer for around $4 million. A refurbishment has breathed new life into the property.“I got the deal done in five days,” he said.More from news02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa16 hours ago02:37Gold Coast property: Sovereign Islands mega mansion hits market with $16m price tag2 days agoThe sale is due to settle in early September.Mr Dowker said it received two offers, both of which were from Coast residents who liked its position and contemporary style.“(The home) was pretty much completely refurbished,” he said.“It provides a really good view — you get a really good vantage point looking south and north.”The four-bedroom, three-bathroom home has an open kitchen, living and dining area that flows onto a beachfront deck. The kitchen is modern and versatile.center_img Take a bubble bath and enjoy the view. The ultimate beach house.last_img read more

Premier welcomes Cape Air to Nevis

first_img Tweet Sharing is caring! Photo credit: thewestindiannews.comCHARLESTOWN, Nevis — Premier and Minister of Tourism, Joseph Parry on Wednesday, November 30, officially welcomed the much anticipated Cape Air Airlines to Nevis. Cape Air, which is headquartered in Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA, began operations to Nevis on November 11 with a non-stop service from the San Juan, Puerto Rico hub.The island has been facing some challenging times with flights into and out of Puerto Rico after American Eagle discontinued its service in early April 2011.Speaking at a brief but symbolic ceremony at Nevis’ airport, Parry said, “We are not sure where American Eagle Airlines is today in terms of travel to and from Nevis, but Cape Air is here and we are glad that they are”.During the premier’s remarks he told the audience that he is pleased with the Cape Air representatives that he met, among them president Dave Bushy and he hopes to continue a very hospitable, welcoming relationship with the airline.“I really believe both sides will make merry music together, as we bring more and more passengers to Nevis,” Parry told the audience.He said it is significant that Cape Air is based in New England, and that at one time many of the visitors to Nevis came from that area. He hoped the trend could continue.With Nevis on the route map, Cape Air now flies to seven Caribbean islands. The others are Puerto Rico, Vieques, St Thomas, St Croix, Tortola and Anguilla. The airline has been providing inter-island service in the Caribbean for 14 years.According to a commemorative booklet (Bird’s Eye View) launched to coincide with the Nevis launch, travellers can book their entire trip with one click on a number of websites including: Continental.com, Jetblue.com and travel booking sites including Expedia and Travelocity.The premier concluded that he is looking forward to moving out of the present global recession and into witnessing a growth in tourism on Nevis.Cape Air daily flights departs San Juan at 4: 21pm arriving in Nevis at 6pm. The airline departs Nevis at 10am and arrives in San Juan at 11:30am. Caribbean News Now Share 32 Views   no discussionscenter_img LifestyleTravel Premier welcomes Cape Air to Nevis by: – December 6, 2011 Share Sharelast_img read more