Lecturer revisits controversial FDR decision

first_imgLisa Phillips, associate professor of history at Indiana State University, gave a historical account of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s wartime takeover of retail store Montgomery Ward, as part of the Higgins Lunchtime Labor Research, Advocacy & Policy series in the Notre Dame Room of LaFortune Student Center on Friday.Many of FDR’s New Deal initiatives curbed the power of corporations, which Phillips said partially led to the stock market crash of the 1920’s. This check against big business created tension between corporations and government, especially after World War II.Leading an anti-regulatory effort against FDR’s policies was Sewell Avery, then chairman of Montgomery Ward, Phillips said.“What we’ll see after the war is a huge pro-business attack on New Deal regulation,” she said. “I think Sewell Avery represents the first line of that pro-business crusade against this New Deal regulation.”Avery’s refusal to acknowledge union representation for thousands of Montgomery Ward’s employees drew the ire of FDR, who Phillips said had supported union growth throughout his presidency.“What Sewell Avery was protesting here was not only abiding by the War Labor Board’s recommendations, but he also simply didn’t want to recognize the union representing Montgomery Ward’s employees,” she said. “He was refusing the union’s existence at all.”Avery’s resistance to employee unionization and his further refusal to cooperate with FDR’s administration led to his forceful removal from Montgomery Ward, Phillips said.“FDR’s logic here is that we need to have stability in the industry, and whoever is causing the instability … [must be removed],” she said. “In this case, FDR orders the U.S. Army to remove Sewell Avery physically and take over the operations of Montgomery Ward.”Phillips said FDR had enough presidential influence and there was enough disapproval of big business to justify such extreme measures.“The reason that FDR decides to do this is because it’s war time,” she said. “FDR had enough power, and there was enough public outcry to generate this regulatory machinery.”FDR’s decision to exert presidential power through Sewell Avery’s removal from office demonstrated his fear of business interference with regulatory policies, Phillips said.“[FDR] feels that if Avery defies what the National War Labor Board’s recommendations are, then every other business owner will become emboldened as well,” she said.Despite the president’s strong message, Phillips said business owners nevertheless began to express their dissatisfaction.“They can’t run the business in a way they see fit,” she said. “They have to adhere to what the union says, and they have to agree to what the government is telling them to do in terms of regulating the conditions of wages and work.”Phillips said businessmen challenged FDR’s New Deal policies by launching public campaigns and lobbying efforts.“Part of what the business community was doing was to convince the American public that business was the epitome of American democracy in that it needed to spread worldwide,” she said. “[The business community] literally took on an ad campaign through advertising to convey this particular message.“Campaign finance reform, taxes, tax structure, all of these things, I think, were bolstered through these networks of businessmen.”Tags: FDR, Higgins Lunchtime Labor RAPS, Montgomery Ward, New Deal, Sewell Averylast_img read more

Essequibo Cricket Board AGM postponed due to lack of a quorum

first_imgTHE Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the Essequibo Cricket Board (ECB) could not take place on Sunday due to the lack of a quorum. According to the president Fizul Bacchus, the AGM has been postponed to a later date as only representatives of four area committees reported for the meeting.It requires the participation of at least six of the eight area committees to fulfil the legal requirement for holding an AGM.Those area committees attended were: East Bank Essequibo Cricket Committee (EBECC), North Essequibo Cricket Committee (NECC), Pomeroon Cricket Committee (PCC) and Central Essequibo Cricket Committee (CECC).But according to Bacchus, there were no excuses for the other four area committees: Bartica Cricket Committee (BCC), Leguan Cricket Committee (LCC), South Essequibo Cricket Committee (SECC) and the Wakenaam Cricket Committee (WCC).Prior to Sunday’s AGM, secretary of the ECB, Aotto Christiani, had contended that due procedures were followed regarding the Notice of Meeting. Notices were sent to all eight area committees,” Christiani said.Asked when the notices were made available to the respective area committees, the ECB secretary said, “I can’t remember the specific date the Notices were sent out, since some of the Notices were by postal, but subsequently, I made contact via telephone to all area committees informing them of the meeting.”last_img read more

Local talent infuses Syracuse with familiarity

first_img Facebook Twitter Google+ Published on September 10, 2014 at 12:10 am Contact Paul: pmschwed@syr.edu | @pschweds It’s all about who you know in Syracuse women’s soccer.Freshman midfielder Eva Gordon was a ball girl for Syracuse when she was 10 years old. Freshman defender Alexis Muraco was coached by Jackie Firenze’s mother, Kelly, in fifth grade. Junior defender Taylor Haenlin’s childhood babysitter, Chelsea Berry, played for the Orange from 2006–09.It goes on and on.Syracuse is chock-full of central New York connections. Ten players on the 2014 roster are from New York, five went to high schools with a “315” Syracuse area code and a handful played for the Syracuse Lady Knights this past summer.Head coach Phil Wheddon is snatching local talent while trying to grow a competitive squad and it could pay dividends in the Orange’s (3-1-2) second year in the Atlantic Coast Conference.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“When you play together over the summer, it adds to your chemistry,” Wheddon said. “You get to have an understanding and a feel for what the player’s going to do.”Gordon played with senior forward Alexis Koval at nearby Christian Brothers Academy and originally thought she’d leave the area for college. But after Jackie and Emma Firenze — who, like Gordon, Muraco and Haenlin played for the Empire United club team in central New York — joined Syracuse, they persuaded her to give it a chance. Gordon played with the Firenzes throughout much of her childhood and knew it was the right fit when she looked at the school.When Gordon played in her first home game for the Orange against Connecticut on Sept. 1, she searched the crowd to see where her parents were sitting — which she’s always done for local games.“There’s something about having local support and your parents, you know they’re at the game,” Gordon said. “So it’s kind of awesome.”Through six games, Gordon has started four times and is transitioning from outside forward to center midfield to play alongside Jackie Firenze. She was joined by Muraco in overtime of the Connecticut game, another local talent who didn’t need the same push to come to SU.Gordon has played with Muraco since around fifth grade and Muraco has been attending Syracuse soccer games since middle school. Now she plays in them.“I always wanted to be close to home,” Muraco said. “It worked out perfectly.”This year’s incoming recruiting class was ranked 17th nationwide by topdrawersoccer.com and Muraco says it’s the best class since she’s been following the team.Having players that are familiar with each other has proved beneficial, Wheddon said. Not only did SU have players on the Lady Knights, but about 15 players in total were in the area to train over the summer.Mike Paolini, who coaches the Lady Knights and is the director of soccer for Syracuse Development Academy, said that it gives him great joy to be able to drive 15 miles and see his players at the SU Soccer Stadium.Against Connecticut at SU Soccer Stadium, a few young fans in the crowd wore Syracuse Development Academy jerseys. And while the current batch of local products competed on the field, the next wave may have been sitting in the stands.“We’re the top university in the area and no disrespect to any other program,” Wheddon said. “So we want to make sure that the best players in central New York come to Syracuse. If they can play at the ACC level, we would like to have them here.” Commentslast_img read more